1 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 1 (1998-1999)

handle is hein.journals/vermenl1 and id is 1 raw text is: STEWARDSHIP OF PUBLIC LANDS AND CULTURAL
RESOURCES IN THE TENNESSEE VALLEY: A CRITIQUE OF
THE TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY'S NEW DEAL
Joe W. McCaleb*
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Intro du ction  ................................................................................................... 1
I. Public lands in the Tennessee Valley and TVA's changing management
paradigm    ........................................................................................ . .   5
A .  T he  E arly  Y ears ...............................................................................  5
II. The TVA Act, Case Law and Congress ............................................ 6
A. TVA's Application of Public Purpose ..................................... 10
B.  Analysis and  Com m entary  ............................................................ 14
C .  TV A 's  A rgum ent ..........................................................................  15
D. Public Land Management Values ................................................. 15
E.  Application  of the  TVA  Act ..........................................................  16
F. TVA's New Vision is Not Acceptable ........................................... 17
G. Adherence to the Will of the People ............................................ 20
II. The Cultural Significance of Public Lands in the Tennessee Valley .... 21
A .  Prehistoric  ................................................................................... . .  2 1
B .  M ississipian  to  1830  .....................................................................  22
C. TVA's Actions and Responsibilities ............................................ 23
D.  The  First Nations' Response ........................................................  25
C onclu sion  ............................................................................................ . .  26
INTRODUCTION
In the 1930's, the South was a poverty-stricken section of America that
had escaped the wealth accumulated in other regions of the country. In
1933, for example, the per capita income in the Tennessee Valley was only
* B.A., Union University, 1964; J.D., University of Memphis, 1970; M.S.E.L., cum laude,
Vermont Law School, 1995. Mr. McCaleb is a practicing environmental attorney in Hendersonville,
Tennessee.

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