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50 Vand. J. Transnat'l L. 1007 (2017)
The Money Mule: Its Discursive Construction and the Implications

handle is hein.journals/vantl50 and id is 1057 raw text is: 

The Money Mule: Its Discursive

Construction and the Implications

                          Rainer Hiulsse*


     The proceeds of cybercrime are typically laundered by money
   mules-people   used by criminal organizations to interrupt the
   financial paper trail by transfering money for the criminals.
   This Article analyzes the discursive construction of the money
   mule  in documents  of national and  international anti-money
   laundering  authorities such as  Financial Intelligence Units
   (FIUs), Europol, and the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).
   It shows   how   case study  narratives,  visualizations, and
   metaphors  contribute to an understanding of the money mule as
   an  innocent victim  of organized crime  networks  from  West
   Africa and  Eastern  Europe, supported  by  money  remittance
   companies  like Western Union. These constructions have several
   implications: First, they make awareness-raising campaigns the
   key policy response at home (i.e., in countries in the North and
   West). Second, they imply  a policy reaction of playing tough
   with sovereigns on the margins  of the law deemed  abroad
   (i.e., countries in the South and East). And third, they direct
   blame  and  responsibility towards financial transmitters, but
   they let banks get away.

   * Rainer Hillsse is a Senior Lecturer at the Geschwister-Scholl Institute of Political
Science at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universithit in Munich, Germany. His research
focuses on issues of international politics such as money laundering, global governance,
and the role of language in politics. Dr. Hillsse has published several articles on the
Financial Action Task Force Against Money-Laundering (FATF). Thanks to comments
on a previous version of this Article by participants in the Vanderbilt Journal of
Transnational Law Symposium on Sovereign Conduct on the Margins of the Law
held at Vanderbilt Law School on February 17, 2017.


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