44 Vand. J. Transnat'l L. 187 (2011)
The United States - El Salvador Extradition Treaty: A Dated Obstacle in the Transnational War against Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13)

handle is hein.journals/vantl44 and id is 189 raw text is: The United States-El Salvador
Extradition Treaty: A Dated
Obstacle in the Transnational War
Against Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13)
ABSTRACT
This Note discusses the dramatic proliferation of the Mara
Salvatrucha (MS-13) over the last two decades, primarily
focusing on the efforts of the United States and El Salvador to
bring the notorious MS-13 to justice.  The United States'
deportation policy in the mid-1990s and its impact on the
presence of MS-13 in El Salvador and the United States set the
backdrop for an analysis of the current weapons available to
combat the gang's transnational threat. As the international
implications of MS-13's actions expanded in the late 1990s, the
United States and El Salvador began to charter a number of
bilateral and multilateral law enforcement initiatives to address
the issue. This Note examines how the antiquated structure and
underlying substantive law of the United States-El Salvador
Extradition Treaty threaten the progress made by these
initiatives, evaluates the United States' current attempt to
address this threat through the UN Convention Against
Transnational Organized Crime, and suggests a means to
overcome an additional barrier to extradition created by El
Salvador's constitutional ban on life imprisonment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.   INTRODUCTION                ..................................  188
II.   HISTORY AND EXPANSION OF THE MARA SALVATRUCHA
(MS-13) ........................................  190
A.   The United States'Initial Response to the
Growing MS-13 Threat    ....................... 191
B.   The Exportation of Los Angeles Gang
Culture to the Streets of El Salvador................  192
C.   El Salvador's Firm-HandApproach to
Gang Control            ..............................  194
D.   The Strain on El Salvador's Prison System......  196

187

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