26 Vand. J. Transnat'l L. 111 (1993-1994)
Preserving the Third Temple: Israel's Right of Anticipatory Self-Defense under International Law

handle is hein.journals/vantl26 and id is 123 raw text is: Preserving the Third Temple: Israel's
Right of Anticipatory Self-Defense
Under International Law
Louis Renb Beres*
ABSTRACT
In this Article, Professor Beres discusses certain political tensions in the
Middle East and the appropriateness of preemptive military action by
Israel. He concludes that the ongoing hostilities and threatening over-
tures by Israel's enemies could give Israel sufficient basis pursuant to
international law to conduct preemptive strikes. Upon reaching this con-
clusion, Professor Beres considers the level offorce Israel should employ
in various preemptive or counterretaliation scenarios. While the degree
of preemption is debatable, the author believes that the preservation of
Israel may require some preemptive action in the near future.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. INTRODUCTION .................................... 112
II. THE JUSTIFICATION FOR PREEMPTIVE MEASURES ...       115
III. THE EFFECTS OF PALESTINIAN INDEPENDENCE .....       131
IV. ISRAEL'S NUCLEAR STRATEGY ...................... 138
A.   Nuclear Deterrence  ........................   138
B.   Nuclear Retaliation  ........................  144
C.   Nuclear Counterretaliation ..................  145
D.   Nuclear Preemption ........................    145
E.   Nuclear Warfighting .......................    146
V. CONCLUSION ...................................... 147
* Professor of International Law, Department of Political Science, Purdue Univer-
isty. Ph.D., Princeton University, 1977. The author expresses thanks to Betty Hartman
of the Purdue University Department of Political Science for her expeditious and skillful
word processing of this manuscript.

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