13 Vand. J. Transnat'l L. 429 (1980)
The Humanitarian Provisions of the Helsinki Accord: A Critique of Their Significance

handle is hein.journals/vantl13 and id is 443 raw text is: THE HUMANITARIAN PROVISIONS OF THE
HELSINKI ACCORD: A CRITIQUE OF THEIR
SIGNIFICANCE*
Valery Chalidze**
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. THE HELSINKI MOVEMENT ........................ 430
II. CRITICISM OF THE HUMANITARIAN PROVISIONS OF THE
HELSINKI ACCORD   ...............................    434
A. A False Symmetry .......................... 436
B. Specific Provisions of the Accord ............. 440
1. The Declaration of Principles .............. 440
2. Contacts and Regular Meetings on the Basis
of Family  Ties  ...........................  441
3. Reunification of Families .................. 442
4. Marriages Between Citizens of Various
States  ...................................   444
5. Travel for Personal or Professional Reasons   445
6. Religious Activities and Contacts ........... 445
7. Tourism, Youth Conferences, and Sports .... 446
8.  Information  ..............................  447
9. Cooperation in the Fields of Culture and
Science  ..................................   449
III.  CONCLUSIONS ....................................    449
It is no exaggeration to say that the humanitarian provisions of
the Helsinki Accord have been recorded in the history of interna-
tional relations by virtue of not so much their content as the
strong public response they have elicited.1 This reaction is per-
* Copies of the original Russian text of this article are available through the
Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law.
** Mr. Chalidze, Editor-in-Chief of Khronika Press and President of the In-
stitute of Socialist Law (New York), was an active member of the Moscow
Human Rights Group prior to disavowal of his citizenship by the Soviet Govern-
ment on December 13, 1972. He is author of To DEFEND THESE RIGHTS (1974)
and CRIMINAL RussiA: ESSAYS ON CRIMINALITY IN THE USSR (1977).
1. The Helsinki Accord created more world public interest than much more

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