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67 Vand. L. Rev. 1099 (2014)
In Defense of American Criminal Justice

handle is hein.journals/vanlr67 and id is 1133 raw text is: ESSAY
In Defense of American
Criminal Justice
Hon. J. Harvie Wilkinson 111*
I.    INTRODUCTION        ....................................... 1099
II.    THE INDICTMENT..        ................................... 1101
III.   A DEFENSE OF AMERICAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE .......     .... 1108
A.     The Inevitability of Tradeoffs: Wrongful
Convictions      ........................  ..... 1108
B.     Tradeoffs in Criminal Adjudication: The Right
to Counsel      .........................  ..... 1119
C.    Prosecutorial Discretion: The Overlooked
Benefits ................................... 1129
D.     Plea Bargaining: The Pluses     .................. 1138
IV.    THE DEMOCRATIC VIRTUES OF OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE
SYSTEM............................................. 1145
A.     Democratic Control over Crime and
Punishment      ................................ 1145
B.     Democratic Input Through the Criminal Jury ..... 1157
C.    Democratic Accountability in State Judiciaries.... 1165
V.     CONCLUSION          ......................................... 1168
I. INTRODUCTION
The American criminal justice system is on trial. A chorus of
commentators-often but not exclusively in the legal academy-has
leveled a sharp indictment of criminal process in our country. The
* Judge Wilkinson serves on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.
1099

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