40 Vand. L. Rev. 1077 (1987)
Defining the Reasonable Expectation of Privacy: An Emerging Tripartite Analysis

handle is hein.journals/vanlr40 and id is 1091 raw text is: Defining the Reasonable
Expectation of Privacy: An
Emerging Tripartite Analysis
Richard G. Wilkins*
I.  INTRODUCTION  ..................................  1077
II. AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW: FROM PLACES TO PRIVACY 1081
III. FROM PRIVACY TO PANDEMONIUM: APPLICATION OF
KATZ  IN  A  VACUUM  .............................  1086
IV. KATZ AND CONTAINERS: PRIVACY THEORY STUMBLES
UPON  REALITY ..................................  1091
V. OLIVER, CIRAOLO, AND Dow: NARROWING THE RANGE
OF  REASONABLENESS .............................  1097
A. Oliver: Back to Protected Places? ........... 1097
B. Dow and Ciraolo: Does Intrusiveness and the
Object of Surveillance Matter? ............. 1100
1.  P lace  .................................  1102
2.  Intrusion  .............................  1103
3.  Object ................................  1104
VI. PRIVACY   IN   PERSPECTIVE:  THE   ESTABLISHED
ELEMENTS OF A SEARCH .........................  1107
A. The Protected Place: From Houses to Fields. 1109
B. Physical Intrusion: From the Person to the
Skies  .....................................  1114
C. The Object of Surveillance: Personal or
P ublic?  ...................................  1121
VII.  CONCLUSION  ....................................  1128
I. INTRODUCTION
A recent, illustrated version of the United States Constitution,
issued in commemoration of its bicentennial, portrays the fourth
amendment with a drawing of a home sitting atop the turret of a
* Associate Professor of Law, J. Reuben Clark School of Law, Brigham Young Univer-
sity. The author expresses his thanks to J. Robert Crook, who assisted in the research of
this Article.

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