50 U. Tol. L. Rev. 477 (2018-2019)
A Call to Arms: Why and How Lawyers and Law Schools Should Embrace Artificial Intelligence

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                          A  CALL TO ARMS:
     WHY AND HOW LAWYERS AND LAW SCHOOLS
     SHOULD EMBRACE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE


                                Melanie Reid*


                                INTRODUCTION


     T   HE   legal profession has been  described as  old, stuffy, traditional,
         structured, and slow to change. Most law offices cling to the status quo
and have  been slow to rid themselves of their old, musty case books and dark
mahogany   wood paneling. Many  lawyers are hesitant to deviate from old ways of
practicing law that have previously served them well and to embrace emerging but
untested technologies that might make their job easier in the long term. In their
eyes, in the short term, such technology appears to be too expensive  and the
learning curve too steep.
     A perfect example of how  the legal profession is slow to embrace change is
to start at the very beginning of one's entry into the law and examine the law school
application process. While the Educational Testing Service has been administering
the Graduate Record Exam  (GRE)  digitally for at least a decade, the Law School
Admissions  Council (LSAC)  is only now considering offering the Law School
Admission  Test (LSAT)  digitally.' Coincidentally, the LSAC is moving in that
direction and offered a digital LSAT pilot test this year at the same time 23 law
schools, including Harvard Law   School, have agreed to accept students' GRE
scores rather than LSAT  scores.2 Law schools are simply forcing the LSAC  to
change  from a pencil-and-paper test to an electronic test where results can be
received in a matter of hours rather than weeks.
     With  that in mind, we must  similarly ask ourselves, what will it take for
lawyers, administrators, and faculty in legal education to evolve and embrace the
changes  and technological advancements  taking place in other professions and
businesses? Such  technological advancements need  to be brought into the law
office and into the classroom and be examined, utilized, questioned, and improved

    * Associate Dean of Faculty and Professor of Law, Lincoln Memorial University-Duncan
School of Law. I would like to thank Miranda DeRicco for her invaluable research assistance.
Additional thanks goes to the University of.Toledo Law Review, especially Grace Borell, Bri
Rafferty, and Matt Ritzman, and my fellow presenters on the Symposium's Artificial Intelligence
panel.
    1. See EDUC. TESTING SERv., https://www.ets.org/gre (last visited Feb. 12, 2019); Will the LSAT
Ever Be a Computer-Based Test?, PRINCETON REv., https://stg-www.princetonreview.com/1aw-
school-advice/1sat-digital-pilot (last visited Feb. 12, 2019).
    2. Which Law Schools Accept GRE Scores?, PRINCETON REv., https://www.princetonreview
.com/law-school-advice/gre-scores-law-school-admissions (last visited Feb. 12, 2019).


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