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29 U. Pa. J. Int'l L. 283 (2007-2008)
The Insular Cases: The Establishment of a Regime of Political Apartheid

handle is hein.journals/upjiel29 and id is 295 raw text is: ARTICLES
THE INSULAR CASES: THE ESTABLISHMENT OF
A REGIME OF POLITICAL APARTHEID
BY JUAN R. TORRUELLA*
What's in a name?'
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.     INTRODUCTION    ............................................................................ 284
2.     SETFING THE STAGE FOR THE INSULAR CASES ........................... 287
2.1.  The  H istorical Context ......................................................... 287
2.2.  The  A cadem ic  D ebate ........................................................... 291
2.3. A Change of Venue: The Political Scenario ......................... 296
3.     THE INSULAR CASES ARE DECIDED ............................................ 300
4.     THE PROGENY OF THE INSULAR CASES ...................................... 312
4.1. The Further Application of the Incorporation Theory .......... 312
4.2. The Extension of the Incorporation Doctrine: Balzac v.
P orto  R ico  ............................................................................. 317
4.2.1. The Jones Act and the Granting of U.S.
Citizenship  to  Puerto  Ricans ........................................... 317
4.2.2. Chief Justice Taft Enters the Scene ............................. 320
* Circuit Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. This
article is based on remarks delivered at the University of Virginia School of Law
Colloquium: American Colonialism: Citizenship, Membership, and the Insular
Cases (Mar. 28, 2007) (recording available at http://www.law.virginia.edu/html/
news/2007.spr/insular.htm?type=feed). I would like to recognize the assistance
of my law clerks, Kimberly Blizzard, Adam Brenneman, M6nica Folch, Tom
Walsh, Kimberly Sdnchez, Anne Lee, Zaid Zaid, and James Bischoff, who
provided research and editorial assistance. I would also like to recognize the
editorial assistance and moral support of my wife, Judith Wirt, in this endeavor.
1 What's in a name? That which we call a rose / By any other name would
smell as sweet. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, ROMEO AND JULIET act 2, sc. 1 (Richard
Hosley ed., Yale Univ. Press 1964) (1917).

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