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63 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 815 (2001-2002)
International Law Violations by the United States in the Middle East as a Factor behind Anti-American Terrorism

handle is hein.journals/upitt63 and id is 825 raw text is: INTERNATIONAL LAW VIOLATIONS BY THE UNITED STATES IN
THE MIDDLE EAST AS A FACTOR BEHIND ANTI-AMERICAN
TERRORISM
John Quigley*
When Prince Alwaleed bin Talal bin Abdul Aziz Alsaud of Saudi Arabia
presented then New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani with a check for ten
million dollars to aid in the city's recovery from the attacks of September 11,
2001, the Mayor accepted with gratitude. The Mayor was less pleased,
however, when he saw a statement the Prince had released to the press, which
said, [Alt times like this one, we must address some of the issues that led to
such a criminal attack. I believe the government of the United States of
America should re-examine its policies in the Middle East and adopt a more
balanced stance towards the Palestinian cause.'
Mayor Giuliani took offense at the suggestion and announced that New
York City would not cash Prince bin Talal's check. There is no moral
equivalent for this act, he said. The people who did it lost any right to ask
for justification for it when they slaughtered 4,000 or 5,000 innocent people.2
And to suggest that there's a justification for it only invites this happening in
the future.3
Mayor Giuliani did not explain why he took Prince bin Talal's remark as
a justification of the September 11 attack. The Prince, as indicated,
characterized the attack as criminal.,4 What the Prince told Giuliani is a
truism in the Middle East: that U.S. policy in the region, and particularly
policy regarding the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, has generated hostility that
has been reflected in acts of violence against U.S. targets in recent years,
including the attacks of September 11, 2001.
President George W. Bush provided an explanation of the attacks of
September 11, 2001 that diverged from Prince bin Talal's explanation.
America was targeted, he said, because we're the brightest beacon for
*   President's Club Professor in Law, The Ohio State University. LL.B., M.A., Harvard University.
1. Jennifer Steinhauer, Citing Comments on Attack, Giuliani Rejects Saudi's Gift, N.Y. TMES,
Oct. 12, 2001, at B13.
2. Estimates of deaths in the attacks of September 11, 2001, were in the range of 4,000 to 5,000
at the time Giuliani spoke but were later reduced to approximately 3,000.
3.  Steinhauer, supra note 1. at B 13.
4.  Id.

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