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10 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 137 (1948-1949)
The Primary Strike for Recognition

handle is hein.journals/upitt10 and id is 139 raw text is: THE PRIMARY STRIKE FOR RECOGNITION
Charles C. Arensberg*
INTRODUCTION
The primary strike for recognition or unionization, sometimes called the
organizational strike, has been a weapon used with varying results by labor
for the last forty years or more. Its most conspicuous recent success was in
the automobile industry,. when the U. A. W. was formed. Its failures fill
the law books with their bitter struggles. In the last decade, however, with
th6 tremendous increase in numbers that the unions have achieved, as well as
the universal acceptance by industry of collective bargaining, there has grown
up an orderly procedure for unionization, the election.
Despite the NLRA with its elections, and the eight states with their acts
patterned generally after the NLRA,' the organizational strike with its pic-
keting continues. There is great confusion among the states as to what ex-
tent and under what circumstances such a strike will be enjoined or regulated
by the courts. Even within the boundaries of the states, the lower courts will
not always follow the appellate courts. In trying to find out the law, that is,
to prophesy in a given instance what the court will do under certain circum-
stances, taking note of the forum is most important. Is the precedent to be
found in the federal district or appellate courts, or in the state lower or appel-
late courts? This necessity to observe the forum is probably greater in labor
law because of the fluidity of the situation usually prevailing between manage-
ment and labor, which gives rise to court action and the fact that, because of
this. fluidity and the frequent early settlement of the difference, appeals to
the courts of last resort are the exception rather than the rule.
Even if the Taft-Hartley Act2 is drastically amended or repealed by the
new Congress, the picture will be changed only in the federal courts. The
state courts have dealt with strikes for organizational purposes under state
laws where they exist, and under state principles of equity where the specific
matter is not covered by statute. Rarely is the Taft-Hartley Act a decisive
factor in the case in a state court, even where interstate commerce is involved.
The states look to their own laws and cite the Taft-Hartley Act only by way
of comparison. Labor's victory then over the Taft-Hartley Act will be com-
plete' only if it achieves the repeal or amendment of the various state acts pat-
terned after it.
* A.B., LL.B., Harvard University; member of the Allegheny County Bar. Author:
Seals and the Uniform Written. Obligation Act, 21 TEMPLE L. Q. 122 (1947) ; Linita-
tion by Bailees and by Landlords of Liability for Negligent Acts, 51 DIcK. L. Rzv. 36
(1946).
1 See Note, 61 HA.v. L. REV. 840 (1948). See also 65 MONTHLY LABOR Rxv. 277
(1947) for summary of 1947 state labor legislation affecting strikes, picketing, boycotts,
labor relations, etc.
2 61 STAT. 120 (1947), 29 U. S. C. A. 141 et seq. (1947).

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