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2022 Rev. Universul Juridic 142 (2022)
A New Marine Biodiversity Treaty?

handle is hein.journals/univjurid2022 and id is 2051 raw text is: 

Revista  Universul  luridic e nr. 10, octombrie  2022, pp.  142-155


                                                     Dr. Cristina Elena  POPA TACHE1
                           Motto: ,,Nimic nu este convenit pdna cdnd nu se convine totul2


     According to the High Seas Alliance, on 24 December 2017, the UN General Assembly adopted
by consensus Resolution 72/249, to convene an intergovernmental conference and undertake formal
negotiations for a new legally binding international instrument under the UN Convention on Law of
the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable development of marine biological diversity in areas
beyond  national jurisdiction. In this way, the common heritage of humanity has a good chance of
being protected and secured, the convention being in fact the arm which has the noble role of saving
it from danger. When  will it be signed? How will it be implemented? Will its noble purpose
overcome  the blockages of financial interests? These are questions to be answered by the legal
doctrine and practice of the future. To create this article, I used a research method based on
introspection and quantitative analysis of the documents related to the rounds of negotiations, by
reference to international law.

     Keywords:  treaty, marine biodiversity, environment, UNCLOS.

     JEL Codes: K33, Q57.

     1. Introducere

     Dintotdeauna,   ajungerea  la un tratat multilateral a fost un lucru dificil de infdp-
tuit. De multe  ori, tratativele depind de  modul   in care sunt organizate  etapele spe-
cifice, dar  i de resursele partilor3. La fel este i modificarea tratatelor multilaterale,

     1 Acest articol reprezinta contributia stiintifica la Conferinta internationala ,Dinamica §i comple-
xitatea securitatii maritime a Romaniei, din perioada 29-30 septembrie 2022, organizat! de Clubul
Amiralilor in parteneriat cu Fortele Navale Romane.
     2 Afirmatia: ~Nothing is agreed until everything is agreed poate fi intalnita in diferite docu-
mente  internationale 5i in cadrul diferitelor tratative. Ea mai este denumita uneori: ,principiu,
,mantra, ,regula de aur, ,principiu juridic ori principiul standard.
     3 Cu privire la Tratatul privind biodiversitatea, ce urmeaza a fi analizat ca proiect in cuprinsul
acestui articol, expun exemplul reprezentantului Samoa, care, vorbind cu emotie in numele statelor
insulare mici, aflate in curs de dezvoltare din Pacific, a explicat importanta vital! a procesului de

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