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66 UMKC L. Rev. 135 (1997-1998)
Mutiny as to the Bounty: International Law's Failing Preservation Efforts Regarding Shipwrecks and Their Artifacts Located in International Waters

handle is hein.journals/umkc66 and id is 147 raw text is: MUTINY AS TO THE BOUNTY: INTERNATIONAL
LAW'S FAILING PRESERVATION EFFORTS
REGARDING SHIPWRECKS AND THEIR ARTIFACTS
LOCATED IN INTERNATIONAL WATERS.
Sean R. Nicholson
I.  INTRODUCTION    .......................................... 137
11.  MODERN INTERNATIONAL LAW AND ITS EFFECT ON
SHIPW RECKS   ............................................ 137
A. Parties Interested in Regulating the Preservation of Artifacts ..... 137
1.  Professional Treasure Hunters  ........................ 138
2.  Preservationists (museums, marine archaeologists, etc.) .... 138
3.  Divers and Ecologists  ............................... 139
4.  National Governments  .............................. 139
5.  Relatives of Persons Lost at Sea ....................... 140
B. What Traditions Have Governed Treasure Hunting in the Past? .. 141
C. Which Court has Jurisdiction to Determine Ownership Rights of a
Shipwreck?  ...........................................  141
1.  Customary International Law Regarding Jurisdiction ...... 142
2.  The Creation of International Law Regarding Jurisdiction... 142
a.  1958 Convention on the Law of the Sea ............ 142
i.  Territorial Seas  ........................... 143
ii.  Contiguous Zone  .......................... 144
iii.  Continental Shelf  ......................... 144
iv.  High  Seas  ............................... 144
b.   1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea ............ 145
3.  Modem International Law Regarding Jurisdiction ......... 146
a.  In  rem  Jurisdiction  ............................. 146
b.  Telepossession  ................................ 147
c.  Title  by  Flag  ................................. 147
d.  Sovereign Prerogative  .......................... 148
D. Ownership Claims to Wrecks and the Artifacts
Recovered from  Them  .................................. 148
1.  The Survivors and Relatives of Those who
Perished in the W reck  .............................. 149
2.  Insurance Companies  ............................... 149
3.  Salvor/Finder  ..................................... 149
E.  Which Law Should Be Applied? Law of Finds vs. Salvage Law .. 150
1.  Law  of Finds  ..................................... 150
a.  Abandonment  ................................ 150
b.  Intent to Obtain the Property  ..................... 150
c.  Control Over the Property  ....................... 151
2.  Law  of Salvage  .................................... 151
a.  M arine Peril ... ............................. 151
* J.D. Candidate, University of Missouri-Kansas City, School of Law (1998); B.A., 1993,
Pittsburg State University.

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