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28 U. Kan. City L. Rev. 35 (1959-1960)
The Federal Aviation Act of 1958

handle is hein.journals/umkc28 and id is 41 raw text is: The Federal Aviation Act of 1958
SHERMAN 0. MORRIS*
The progress of United States aviation reached a new mile-
stone on August 23, 1958, when the Congress adopted sweeping
new legislation entitled The Federal Aviation Act of 195 8.'
The principal purposes of the Act were to create an inde-
pendent Federal Aviation Agency, giving it the authority to (1)
establish, maintain and operate air navigation facilities, and pro-
vide for the consolidation of research and development of such
facilities, (2) develop and operate a common system of air traf-
fic control and navigation for the safe and efficient use of the
airspace by both civil and military aircraft, (3) promulgate, ad-
minister and enforce safety regulations for the manufacture, op-
eration and flight of aircraft, and (4) provide for the promotion,
encouragement and development of civil aeronautics, both in the
United States and abroad. The Act retains the Civil Aeronautics
Board to regulate the economic aspects of the aviation industry
and investigate aircraft accidents.
A description of significant provisions of the 1958 Act con-
cerning purposes, major statutory changes providing for the or-
ganization and functions, and a statement of the program objec-
tives under this Act is set forth hereafter.
BASIC PURPOSES AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGES
One of the fundamental purposes of creating the Federal
Aviation Agency was to substantially reduce the diffusion of
Federal governmental authority in the field of United States avia-
tion, and thereby strengthen and unify control of the national
airspace,' and to regulate and administer matters relating to safety
in flight. Such control, regulation and administration are now
vested in the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency.
Another purpose of the 1958 Act was to assure the maxi-
mum practicable correlation of needs and objectives common to
civil and military aviation. This is effected through the transfer
of the functions under the Airways Modernization Act of 1957,
which provides for the consolidation of research and develop-
ment of air navigation facilities.'
*Attorney, Office of the General Counsel, Federal Aviation Agency, Washington,
D. C., Member of Wisconsin and Virginia Bars.
'72 STAT. 731 (1958), 49 U.S.C.A. § 1301 et seq.
272 STAT. 749 (1958), 49 U.S.C.A. § 1348.
372 STAT. 749 (1958), 49 U.S.C.A. § 1345.

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