43 Fla. L. Rev. 487 (1991)
Date Rape and the Culture of Acceptance

handle is hein.journals/uflr43 and id is 495 raw text is: DATE RAPE AND THE CULTURE OF ACCEPTANCE
Steven I. Friedland* **
I. INTRODUCTION      ...........................                488
II. THE CULTURE OF ACCEPTANCE ...............                    491
A.   The Aggressive Male Stereotype ............... 492
B.   The Punished Female Stereotype ...........           495
C.   The Impact of the Culture of Acceptance: The
Distortion of Nonverbal Cues ..............            498
1. Nonverbal Cues Generally ................... 498
2. The Impact of Gender Roles and Stereotypes on the
Interpretation of Nonverbal Cues in Dating
Situations  ... ......................            502
3. Social Science Data and Gender-Based Differences.   504
D. The Misinterpretation of Nonverbal Behavior by
Juries ................................. 506
III. THE LEGAL RESPONSE TO THE TAINT OF THE
CULTURE OF ACCEPTANCE ....................                  507
A.   The Inadequacy of the Current Legal Response ..        507
1. Constitutional Implications .................... 508
2. Reasons for the Current State of Nonfeasance in the
Law   .....      ........................          510
a. Historical Antecedents: The Common Law of
Rape   ..........................               510
b. Early Evidentiary Rules at Trial ...........     513
3. The Gradual Abatement of Overt Bias in Rape
Laws  .............................                513
4. Rape Shield Statutes: A Specialized Form of
Inadequate Protection from the Culture of
Acceptance  .........................               515
IV. OVERCOMING LATENT BIASES CREATED BY THE
CULTURE OF ACCEPTANCE ................                     519
A. Excluding Nonverbal Contextual Evidence .....            520
*Professor of Law, Nova University. B.A., 1956, SUNY-Binghamton; J.D., 1981, Harvard.
**I wish to express my appreciation to Anthony Chase, Michael Shames, Michael Dale, and
Joel Mintz for their useful comments on previous drafts, and my special gratitude to Leslie
Deckelbaum, Ellie Simon, Louise McAlpin, Shirley DeLuna, and Lewis Hanna for their diligent
assistance in preparing this article for publication.

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