20 U. Denv. Water L. Rev. 217 (2016-2017)
Regulating the Packaged Water Industry in Africa: Challenges and Recommendations

handle is hein.journals/udenwr20 and id is 245 raw text is: 







REGUIATING THE PACKAGED WATER INDUSTRY
               IN  AFRICA: CHALLENGES AND
                     RECOMMENDATIONS


         JESSICA   VAPNEK AND ASHLEY R. WILLIAMS'


ABBREVIATIO     N S......................................................................................219
PR EFA C E ......................................................................................................220
I.      INTRO   DU CTIO  N .........................................................................221
II.     CONTEXT FOR REGULATION OF PACKAGED WATER.. 222
        2.1.  Background.       ................................. 222
        2.2.  Types of packaged water ........................ 224
        2.3.  Literature review ................................. 226
        2.4.  Benefits of regulating packaged water ..... .................. 226

III.    DESIGNING AN EFFECTIVE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
        FOR  PACKAGED WATER .......................................................... 228

        3.1.  Assessing the current legislative and institutional landscape . 228
        3.2.  Laws or regulations    .................................. 229
        3.3.  Issues arising in the regulation of packaged water................. 231
           3.3.1.   Legislative definitions ...................  .....231
           3.3.2.   Competent  authority    ....................  ..... 231
           3.3.3.   Regulatory responsibilities           ............ ........ 232
           3.3.4.   Inspections                    ................................ 233
           3.3.5.   Monitoring      ................................  234
           3.3.6.   Approved  laboratories ........................   235
           3.3.7.   Certificate of operation .................    ...... 236


   1. J.D. Boalt Hall School of Law; B.A. Yale University. Lecturer, UC Hastings College of
the Law.
   2. M.S.E.E. University of North Carolina (UNC); B.S. University of South Carolina. Senior
Associate, ICF; former Research Associate, The Water Institute at UNC.
The views expressed in this article do not necessarily represent the views of the UK Department
for International Development, Adam Smith International, the Water Institute at UNC, ICF,
Tetra Tech, FAO, or UC Hastings. The authors would like to acknowledge the staff of FOCUS
1000 - including Mohammad Jalloh, Mohamed Jalloh, Paul Sengeh, and George Saquee - for
their support and assistance. The authors would also like to thank national legal experts George
Sarpong in Ghana, Akeem Bello in Nigeria, and Yasmin Jusu-Sheriff in Sierra Leone for their
support in preparing the country case studies. We are grateful to DFID for its financial support
of the work in Sierra Leone,Jamie Bartrarn and Mike Fisher of The Water Institute at UNC for
their guidance and support, and Tetra Tech for enabling participation in this effort. The authors
would also like to acknowledge the contributions of earlier co-authors of several FAO legislative
studies who helped develop the analysis employed in sections 2 and 3 of this article.


217

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