79 U. Colo. L. Rev. 587 (2008)
Reverse 404(B) Evidence: Exploring Standards when Defendants Want to Introduce Other Bad Acts of Third Parties

handle is hein.journals/ucollr79 and id is 593 raw text is: REVERSE 404(B) EVIDENCE: EXPLORING
STANDARDS WHEN DEFENDANTS WANT
TO INTRODUCE OTHER BAD ACTS OF
THIRD PARTIES
JESSICA BRODERICK*
Reverse 404(b) evidence is the name courts have given to a
less common use of Federal Rule of Evidence 404(b), wherein
a defendant attempts to introduce the other bad acts of a
third party, usually to prove that this third party committed
the crime of which the defendant is accused or that the third
party coerced the defendant into committing the crime. This
Comment first reviews the standard use of FRE 404(b): when
prosecutors seek to introduce other bad acts of the defendant.
Then it explores how federal courts have addressed reverse
404(b) evidence. Currently there is no consensus among the
circuits on what standard to use for admitting the evidence.
Some consider the same strict requirements as are used to
admit standard 404(b) evidence, while others seem to disre-
gard the requirements of the rule altogether in order to give
the defendant the best opportunity to present a complete de-
fense. Additionally, the Comment shows how two state
courts, those of Colorado and Kansas, have dealt with re-
verse 404(b) evidence in opposite ways. Finally, the Com-
ment proposes two solutions for addressing reverse 404(b)
evidence. These solutions balance the interests of all parties
and, if adopted by the circuits and followed in the states,
would promote consistency.
INTRODUCTION
A bedrock tenet of our criminal justice system is a defen-
dant's right to defend the charges brought against him. As the
* Candidate for Juris Doctor, University of Colorado School of Law, 2008;
B.A., University of Northern Colorado, 2004. Special thanks to Professor Christo-
pher Mueller for his comments and suggestions, the University of Colorado Law
Review staff for their editorial contributions, and Matt Broderick for his ongoing
support and encouragement.

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