34 UCLA L. Rev. 131 (1986-1987)
Citing of Law Reviews by the Supreme Court: An Empirical Study

handle is hein.journals/uclalr34 and id is 145 raw text is: THE CITING OF LAW REVIEWS BY
THE SUPREME COURT: AN
EMPIRICAL STUDY
Louis J. Sirico, Jr.*
and
Jeffrey B. Margulies**
In recent years, a few studies have ranked legal periodi-
cals according to the frequency with which other periodicals'
and courts2 cite them. This study examines the frequency
* Professor of Law, Villanova University School of Law. B.A., Yale Univer-
sity, 1967; J.D., University of Texas, 1972.
** Associate, Haight, Dickson, Brown & Bonesteel, Santa Monica, California;
B.S., Duke University, 1982; J.D., Villanova University School of Law, 1986.
1. See Ellman, A Comparison of Law Faculty Production in Leading Law Reviews, 33
J. LEGAL EDUC. 681 (1983); Maru, Measuring the Impact of Legal Periodicals, 1976 AM.
B. FOUND. RES. J. 227. For a list of law review articles most cited by other law
reviews, see Shapiro, The Most-Cited Law Review Articles, 73 CALIF. L. REV. 1540,
1549 (1985).
2. See, e.g., Bernstein, The Supreme Court and Secondary Source Material: 1965
Term, 57 GEO. L.J. 55, 67 (1968); Daniels, Far Beyond the Law Reports: Secondary
Source Citations in United States Supreme Court Opinions, October Terms 1900, 1940, and
1978, 76 LAw LIBR. J. 1, 30-32 (1983); Mann, The North Carolina Supreme Court
1977: A Statistical Analysis, 15 WAKE FOREST L. REV. 39, 61 (1979); Newland, Legal
Periodicals and the United States Supreme Court, 7 U. KAN. L. REV. 477, 481-82 (1959);
see also Archibald, Stare Decisis and the Ohio Supreme Court, 9 W. REs. L. REV. 23,
26-28 (1957) (listing frequency of citations of all secondary sources in opinions
from 1951 to 1955); Scurlock, Scholarship and the Courts, 32 UMKC L. REV. 228,
232-58 (1964) (listing frequency of citations of all secondary sources in criminal
case opinions for three state courts and the United States Supreme Court from
1958 to 1962).
Other studies have analyzed judicial citation practices. See, e.g., Friedman,
Kagan, Cartwright & Wheeler, State Supreme Courts: A Century of Style and Citation,
33 STAN. L. REV. 773 (1981); Kagan, Cartwright, Friedman & Wheeler, The Evolu-
tion of State Supreme Courts, 76 MIcH. L. REV. 961 (1978); Landes & Posner, Legal
Precedent: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, 19 J.L. & ECON. 249 (1976); Mer-
ryman, The Authority of Authority, 6 STAN. L. REV. 613 (1954); Merryman, Toward a
Theory of Citations: An Empirical Study of the Citation Practice of the California Supreme
Court in 1950, 1960, and 1970, 50 S. CAL. L. REV. 381 (1977); Reynolds, The Court
of Appeals in Maryland: Roles, Work and Performance, 38 MD. L. REV. 148 (1978);

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