8 UC Irvine L. Rev. 41 (2018)
Legitimacy, Procedural Justice, Accuracy, and Eyewitness Identification

handle is hein.journals/ucirvlre8 and id is 45 raw text is: 













   Legitimacy, Procedural Justice, Accuracy,

             and Eyewitness Identification



                                Steven  E. Clark*


                             Molly  B. Moreland**


                             Rakel   P. Larson***


        Errors   of eyewitness  identfication  have  motivated   a  national
 movement  in the United  States to reform police procedures that are used to
 obtain eyewitness identgication evidence and legalprocedures that regulate the
 use of that  evidence in legal proceedings. These  reforms, and  eyewitness
procedures  in general, have been evaluated primarily by the single metric of
accurag-the accurag      of the evidence and  the accurag  of legal outcomes
based  on that evidence. This focus on accurag contrasts with a large body of
research  that emphasies procedural justice and the legitimag of legal
authorities and  institutions. This Article develops a Legitimag  Model  for
eyewitness  identfication  based  on  the  effectiveness of police and  legal
institutions and the proceduraljustice  inherent in the interactions between
eyewitnesses and law  enforcement. Section I describes the basic procedures for
eyewitness  identfication in real criminal  investigations and experimental
simulations;  Sections  II  and  III  develop a  framework   for  eyewitness

* Steven E. Clark, Professor, Department of Psychology and Presley Center for Crime and Justice
Studies, University of California, Riverside. Preparation of this Paper was supported by a grant from
the National Science Foundation and the Presley Center for Crime andJustice Studies at UC Riverside.
Professor Clark thanks the faculty in the Psychology Department at Emory University, where the first
one hundred or so drafts of this Article were written. Professor Clark is especially grateful to Professor
Scott Lilienfeld at Emory University.
** Molly B. Moreland, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology and Counseling, Hood College,
MD.
*** Rakel P. Larson, Postdoctoral Scholar, Presley Center for Crime and justice Studies.


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