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71 U. Cin. L. Rev. 89 (2002-2003)
Songs of Validation, Voice, and Voluntary Participation: Therapeutic Jurisprudence, Miranda and Juveniles

handle is hein.journals/ucinlr71 and id is 99 raw text is: SONGS OF VALIDATION, VOICE, AND VOLUNTARY
PARTICIPATION: THERAPEUTIC JURISPRUDENCE,
MIRANDA AND JUVENILES
Amy D. Ronner
INTRODUCTION
In his Songs of Innocence, William Blake, the Eighteenth Century poet,
portrays childhood as a prelapsarian state:
When the voices of children are heard on the green
And laughing is heard on the hill,
My heart is at rest within my breast
And everything else is still
Then come home my children, the sun is gone down
And the dews of night arise
Come come leave off play, and let us away
Till the morning appears in the skies
No let us play, for it is yet day
And we cannot go to sleep
Besides in the sky, the little birds fly
And the hills are all coverd with sheep
Well well go & play till the light fades away
And then go home to bed
The little ones leaped & shouted & laughed
And all the hills ecchoed'
Along the edge of the etching that accompanies the poem, there
bends a sinister weeping willow, perhaps portending that life can clash
with idealized childhood bliss.2 The juvenile justice system in which a
young offender must submit to criminal prosecution can surely
substantiate Blake's darker admonition.
* Visiting Professor of Law, University of Miami School of Law. J.D., University of Miami, 1985;
Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1980; M.A., University of Michigan, 1976; B.A., Beloit College, 1975. 1
would like to dedicate this article to Esther Levy Blynn, a superb lawyer, a fine human being, and a true
champion forjuveniles. I am also grateful to my friends and mentors, BruceJ. Winick and David B. Wexler,
the founders of therapeutic jurisprudence, and my research assistants, Dennis O'Connor and Denise
Christie.
I. WILLIAM BL\KE,.iurse's Song, in SONGS OF INNOCENCE AND OF EXPERIENCE 24 (1967).
2. Id.; see also SIR GEOFFREY KEYNES, Commentary, in SONGS OF INNOCENCE AND OF EXPERIENCE,
supra note I (The weeping willow in the right-hand margin is perhaps a reminder that not all life is fun and
games).

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