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9 U. C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 13 (2002-2003)
What Lessons Can Be Learned from the Ad Hoc Criminal Tribunals

handle is hein.journals/ucdl9 and id is 19 raw text is: MILOSEVIC, KILLING FIELDS, AND KANGAROO COURTS:
SYMPOSIUM ON AN EMERGING INTERNATIONAL
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
WHAT LESSONS CAN BE LEARNED FROM THE AD Hoc
CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS?
Marieke L. Wierda*
Moderator Prof. Szasz:
I now turn it over to the the first panel, and first of all to Ms. Wierda
to talk about the ad hoc international tribunals.
PRESENTATION BY MARIEKE L. WIERDA
My subject matter this afternoon will be the ad hoc and the
internationalized tribunals, to which Paul Szasz has given an excellent
and extensive introduction in regard to some of the structural matters.
Other speakers will concentrate on the permanent international criminal
court, which of course is much in the news today, at least outside the
United States.
If you read the newspapers, you might come across mentions of
these other tribunals dealing with exotic places as diverse as Yugoslavia,
Sierra Leone, East Timor, Rwanda and Cambodia. Unfortunately, of
course, the establishment of these tribunals is reflective of the fact that
more than ever, civilians are targeted in armed conflicts and the need for
these tribunals is real.
Our task this afternoon is to discuss whether we are witnessing the
development of a viable system of international criminal enforcement.
There are two aspects to this question; first, is the system viable, and
second, is it actually a system - this pertains especially to these ad hoc
arrangements that tend to sprout up in various places almost like
mushrooms.
The first of these ad hoc criminal tribunals, as Paul mentioned, was
the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, which is
now about nine years into its lifespan. This court had to be established
from scratch. Its founders had to establish an office of the prosecutor
and a registry, and appoint judges. The Prosecutor and Appeals
* Senior Associate, International Center for Transitional Justice; former clerk at
the Yugoslav War Crimes Tribunal.

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