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20 U.C. Davis J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 105 (2013-2014)
Large-Scale Land Investment in Africa: An Issue of Self-Help and Self-Determination

handle is hein.journals/ucdl20 and id is 111 raw text is: LARGE-SCALE LAND INVESTMENT IN AFRICA: AN ISSUE OF SELF-
HELP AND SELF-DETERMINATION
Jared Wigginton*
ABSTRACT
This paper addresses the environmental and human rights implications
arising from the global land rush in developing countries in Africa. It
acknowledges both the potential benefits and costs of these large-scale land
deals, and then analyzes the international community's current response:
The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of
Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (the
Guidelines). This paper then examines the role of several legal instruments
in human rights, international environmental law, and corporate social
responsibility and accountability in addressing the costs associated with
land deals. Specifically, it considers how these laws and principles constrain
host states, transnational corporations (TNCs), home states, and the
World Bank. Finally, the article offers several suggestions to ensure the
benefits and limit the costs of land deals: (1) developing countries should
take a regional approach to the problem; (2) the international community
should develop an expert international institution responsible for
establishing fair market values in land and overseeing land deals; (3)
developing country host states should use their resultant increased
bargaining power to negotiate for terms that will increase human
development locally; and (4) there should be increased responsibility and
accountability placed on TNCs and the World Bank for human rights and
the environment.
I.    INTRODUCTION: SEEING THE FOREST IN LARGE-SCALE LAND
DEALS IN AFRICA       .............................. .......... 106
II.   UNDERSTANDING THE DEBATE: APPREHENSION AND
ENTHUSIASM        .................................................110
King Hall, Class of 2013. Deepest gratitude for my wife Lauren's love, example, and
encouragement. Thanks to Professor Lin for his help in developing the topic and for his
insightful feedback. Thanks also to King Hall for providing multiple courses in international
law and fostering a global perspective. Finally, love to my brothers and sisters in Cameroon
and Congo: on est ensemble.

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