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20 Tul. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 303 (2011-2012)
The Stuxnet Worm and Potential Prosecution by the International Criminal Court under the Newly Defined Crime of Aggression

handle is hein.journals/tulicl20 and id is 309 raw text is: The Stuxnet Worm and Potential Prosecution by
the International Criminal Court Under the
Newly Defined Crime of Aggression
Chance Cammack*
I.   INTRODUCTION                         ........................................ 303
II.  THE CRIME OF AGGRESSION AND THE ICC     ..........       ..... 304
A. History of the Crime ofAggression         ...............304
B.   The Kampala Amendment.        ................    .....307
1.   Aggression Defined      .................      ..... 307
2. An Examination and Critique of the Kampala
Amendment         ................................. 308
III. STUXNET          ................................................ 315
A.   What Is Stuxnet?.      .....................     ......315
B.   How Stuxnet Works.       .........................316
C    Stuxnet's Target and the Damage Caused.......................317
D.   Who Is Responsible?.      ..................     ...... 318
IV. STUXNET: ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THE CRIME OF
AGGRESSION UNDER THE ICC        ....................... 319
A.   Stuxnet: Individual or State Action?     ..............320
B.   Stuxnet as Armed Force     ......................322
C    Obtaining Jurisdiction    ..................       ......324
V.   CONCLUSION           .................................... ..... 324
I.   INTRODUCTION
Recently, the world was introduced to one of the most advanced and
sophisticated pieces of computer technology ever seen, a computer worm
named Stuxnet. This worm is not a simple computer virus created by
hackers to irritate computer owners by corrupting and crashing their
computers. Instead, a team of experts engineered this worm over a
period of months for a specific purpose and a specific target.' The target
*    0 2011 Chance Cammack. J.D. candidate 2012, Tulane University Law School; B.S.
2008, Oklahoma State University. The author would like to thank his mother Suzanne, father
Calvin, Aunt Jan, and Uncle David for their constant love and support.
1.  Bruce Schneier, Stuxnet, SCHNEIER ON SECURITY (Oct. 7, 2010), http://www.schneier.
com/blog/archives/20 10/1 0/stuxnet.html.
303

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