About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

17 Tul. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 113 (2008-2009)
Hate Speech as a War Crime: Public and Direct Incitement to Genocide in International Law

handle is hein.journals/tulicl17 and id is 115 raw text is: Hate Speech as a War Crime:
Public and Direct Incitement to
Genocide in International Law
Christopher Scott Maravilla*
I.    INTRODUCTION    ................................................................................. 113
II.   INTERNATIONAL    TREATIES ................................................................ 115
A. The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg:
S treicher  .................................................................................. 117
B.    The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg
Fri tzsch e  .................................................................................. 119
C     European Court of Human Rights: Jersild v. Denmark ....... 121
D    United States Supreme Court. Virginia v. Black .................. 122
III. THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR RWANDA ............... 126
A.    Historical Background ........................................................... 126
B.    Prosecutor v. Akayesu   ............................................................. 127
C    Prosecutor v. N  ahim ana .......................................................... 129
1.   Factual Background ........................................................ 129
2.    R T L M   ............................................................................. 137
3.    H olding  ........................................................................... 140
IV    INTENT  A NALYSIS  ............................................................................. 142
V     C ONCLU  SION  ................................................................................... 144
I.   INTRODUCTION
Hate speech as a war crime first arose before the International
Military Tribunal at Nuremberg with regard to Nazi propaganda
advocating the final solution.' The Tribunal described the Nazi's
systematic use of propaganda and hate speech as a form of poison ...
injected into the minds of the German people In recent years, the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has addressed the
*    © 2008 Christopher Scott Maravilla. Attorney, Washington, D.C.; clerk to Justice
Dale Wainwright, Supreme Court of Texas 2003-04; clerk to Judge Roger Andewelt, U.S. Court
of Federal Claims, 2000-01.
1.   OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES CHIEF OF COUNSEL FOR PROSECUTION OF AXIS
CRIMINALrrY, NAzI CONSPIRACY AND AGGRESSION 130 (Roger W Barrett & William E. Jackson
eds., GPO 1947) [hereinafter NAZI CONSPIRACY AND AGGRESSION].
2.   Id

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 3,000 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most