19 Tex. Tech. Admin. L.J. 197 (2017-2018)
Confronting Administrative Segregation in Texas: Ending Automatic Lockdown for Suspected Gang Affiliated Members

handle is hein.journals/ttalr19 and id is 207 raw text is: 




           CONFRONTING ADMINISTRATIVE
 SEGREGATION IN TEXAS: ENDING AUTOMATIC
         LOCKDOWN FOR SUSPECTED GANG
                   AFFILIATED MEMBERS

1.   INTRODUCTION   & BACKGROUND OF ADMINISTRATIVE
     SEGREGATION   IN TEXAS          .............................. ....... 197
II.  THE PROBLEMS   WITH ADMINISTRATIVE   SEGREGATION................... 199
     A.  An Ineffective Solution............................. 199
     B.  Constitutional Concerns     .......................    .... 203
     C.  Due Process Concerns       ......................      ...... 205
III. CURRENT   POLICIES IN TEXAS                ................................. 207
     A.  The Texas Administrative Code's Authority......            ........ 207
     B.  The Security Threat Group Classification...........     ........... 208
     C.  The GRAD  Program              ..................................... 209
     D.  The Means of Identification     .............................. 211
IV.  OUTSIDE  SOLUTIONS        ................................. ....... 211
     A.  The Texas Perspective         ................................. 211
     B.  The California Paradox.        ............................ 212
     C.  The Road in Colorado      ......................      ....... 214
     D.  The Maine Solution          .................................. 215
V.   THE STRUGGLE   IN TEXAS                  ............................. 217
VI.  PRESCRIPTIONS  FOR TEXAS           ........................... ........ 219
VII. CONCLUSION          ......................................... ...... 221

1. INTRODUCTION   & BACKGROUND OF ADMINISTRATIVE SEGREGATION IN
                                TEXAS

     The United  States is the largest jailor nation in the world, housing
roughly 20%  of the world's prisoner population though it has only 5% of the
world's  population.'  Texas  recently surpassed  California and   now
incarcerates more offenders than any other state.2 In addition, Texas has the
second  highest rate of isolating offenders in administrative segregation'

    1. The Prison Crisis, ACLU, https://www.aclu.org/prison-crisis?redirect-safe-communities-fair-
sentences/prison-crisis [https://perma.cc/X4NL-7HWU].
    2. U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Programs, CORRECTIONAL POPULATIONS IN THE UNITED
STATES 7 (Jan. 21, 2016). The most recent data released suggests Texas has an estimated total correctional
population of 699,300 offenders, while California has less than 589,600. Id. Texas has an approximate
prison population of 219,000; California has about 207,000. Id. at 17.
    3. Ad-seg is the TDCJ's technical term for solitary confinement. Burke Butler, A Solitary
Failure: The Waste, Cost and Harm of Solitary Confinement in Texas at 20, ACLU (Feb. 5, 2015),
https://www.aclutx.org/sites/default/files/fielddocuments/SolitaryReport 2015.pdf


197

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