44 Trends 1 (2012-2013)

handle is hein.journals/trends44 and id is 1 raw text is: The Nature Conservancy and today's
conservation legal issues
Philip Tabas
Philip Tabas is vice president and general counsel of The Nature Conservancy.
The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is a U.S. nonprofit charity whose mission is to conserve
the lands and waters on which all life depends. Founded in 1951, TNC began as The
Ecologists Union, a group of scientists who resolved to take direct action to save
threatened natural areas. Today TNC is an international nongovernmental organization
working throughout the fifty United States, Canada, Central and South America, the
Caribbean, Asia, Australia, Europe, and Africa. TNC uses a strategic, science-based
approach to conservation that involves all sectors of society-communities, businesses,
government agencies, multilateral institutions, private individuals, and other nonprof-
its.
In its early years, TNC focused largely on land acquisition-acquiring the full bundle
of sticks as its primary strategy. Evolving to focus resources on those property rights
that best help achieve conservation, TNC pioneered the use of conservation easements
as an effective legal tool to conserve land. In response to increasing environmental
threats and complex conservation challenges, and to accommodate human needs on a
resource-constrained planet, TNC has expanded its array of methods and legal tools.
These include purchasing fishing trawler licenses and reselling them under contract
restrictions that promote sustainability of international fisheries, influencing the siting
of wind farms and other energy facilities to minimize impact on wildlife, and negotiat-
Published in Trends, Volume 44, Number 1, (02012 by the American Bar Association. Reproduced with permission. All rights reserved.
This information or any portion thereof may not be copied or disseminated in any form or by any means or stored in an electronic database
or retrieval system without the express written consent of the American Bar Association.

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