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9 U. St. Thomas J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 94 (2014-2015)
Pro Deo et Patria: The Greek Catholic Church and Ukrainian National Life - Past and Present

handle is hein.journals/tjlpp9 and id is 100 raw text is: 






  PRO   DEo ET PATRIA: THE GREEK CATHOLIC CHURCH

  AND   UKRAINIAN NATIONAL LIFE - PAST AND PRESENT





                           BRETT  R. MCCAW'


    In the early months  of 2014, global attention turned to the streets of
Kyiv  as the most  pressing crisis in post-Soviet Ukraine unraveled in the
course of weeks.  What  originated as an incidental political protest against
president Viktor  Yanukovych's   last minute  reneging  of a long-awaited
European  Association agreement, soon  developed into a mass movement  on
Kyiv's Independence  Square  (Maidan Nezalezhnosti)  with ramifications for
the entire country. As tensions escalated between protestors and riot police,
stirring images of Ukrainian  priests in the midst of such  confrontations
offered Western  audiences a noteworthy  paradox  of the formerly atheistic
Soviet republic's strikingly religious civil society.
    Once  considered  as the USSR's  equivalent  'Bible Belt,2 Ukraine is
one  of the most religiously pluralistic, if at times confusing, countries in
Europe.  Though  predominated  by  Eastern Orthodoxy,  of which  there are
three different churches (Ukrainian Orthodox Church-Moscow Patriarchate
UOC-MP, Ukrainian Orthodox Church-Kyiv Patriarchate UOC-KP, and
Ukrainian  Autocephalous   Orthodox   Church  UAOC); Ukraine also has
sizable Protestant and Catholic minorities. Yet among the most remarkable
and dynamic  of religious institutions in post-Soviet Ukraine, the Ukrainian
Greek   Catholic Church   (UGCC) maintains a pride of place. As an
institution that lies on  Christendom's   traditional fault line  between


    1. Brett R. McCaw is a freelance scholar and writer with a BA in Philosophy and Catholic
Studies (University of St. Thomas) and a MA in International Politics (Marquette University).
McCaw has taught in Ukraine and worked in the country's NGO sector for several years and was
present on Kyiv's Euromaidan in January and May of 2014 as a journalist to observe events.
*Special thanks to the personnel of the Ukrainian National Museum in Chicago (IL) -especially to
curator Ms. Maria Klimchak for her generous help to me in navigating the museum's archives.
Special thanks also to Ms. Nelia Martsinkiv, a talented Ukrainian historian and doctoral student at
the University of Notre Dame, who assisted in questions relating to my Ukrainian translations as
well as historical clarifications.
   2.  SERHII PLOKHY, THE LAST EMPIRE: THE FINAL DAYS OF THE SOVIET UNION 286
(2014).


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