8 Tex. Intell. Prop. L. J. 39 (1999-2000)
Understanding Willfulness in Patent Infringement: An Analysis of the Advice of Counsel Defense

handle is hein.journals/tipj8 and id is 55 raw text is: Understanding Willfulness in Patent Infringement:
An Analysis of the Advice of Counsel Defense
By Shashank Upadhye*
Table of Contents
I.    Introduction  .................................................................................................   40
11.   Willfulness and Enhancement of Damages ................................................... 41
A. Policy and Statutory Basis for Enhancement .......................................... 41
B. The Requirement of Culpable Conduct ................................................. 43
II[.  Non-Infringement Opinions .......................................................................... 45
A. Attorney-Client Privilege ........................................................................ 45
1. Discovery of Non-Infringement Opinions ........................................ 46
2. Disclosure of Non-Infringement Opinions and the Ethical Dilemma... 48
B. The Existence of an Opinion Is Not Dispositive .................................... 49
IV.   Guidelines for Drafting Non-Infringement Opinions ................................... 50
A. Factors to Consider Regarding the Competency of the Opinion ............. 50
B. The Nature of the Author's Status: In-House, Outside Counsel, Patent
A gents ...................................................................................................   51
C. Sufficiency of the Opinion ...................................................................... 54
D. Compiling Necessary Background Materials and Related Patent Files ....... 54
E. Claim Interpretation - Claim Construction ............................................ 56
F. Literal Infringement ............................................................................... 59
G. Doctrine of Equivalents Infringement .................................................... 61
V.    Patent Invalidity - General Considerations ................................................... 63
A. Invalidity Predicated on Section 102 - Novelty and Loss of Rights ..... 64
1. Invalidity Predicated on the Public Use Bar .................................... 65
2. Invalidity Predicated on the On-Sale Bar ........................................ 66
Shashank Upadhye, J.D., LL.M. Mr. Upadhye is a Patent and Trademark Counsel for the Cook Group, Inc.,
Bloomington, IN. The views herein are solely those of the author and cannot be attributed to the Cook Group, Inc.,
or its subsidiaries.

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