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53 Tex. Int'l L. J. 239 (2018)
Deadly Ambiguity: IHL's Prohibition on Targeting Civilian Objects and the Risks of Decentered Interpretation

handle is hein.journals/tilj53 and id is 277 raw text is: 











  Deadly Ambiguity: IHL's Prohibition on

  Targeting Civilian Objects and the Risks

             of   Decentered Interpretation


                 EmILY  CHERTOFF   &  ZACHARY   MANFREDI*


                          TABLE   OF  CONTENTS

TABLE  OF CONTENTS                               ............................................. 239

ABSTRACT..................................................................... 240

INTRODUCTION          ........................................................ ......... 241

I.THE U.S. READING OF ARTICLE 52: EVOLUTIVE PROCESS AND CONTESTED
      PRECEDENTS                         ............................................................. 245
      A.   The Prohibition ofArticle 52 and Customary International Law on
           Targeting Civilian Objects     .......................... .............. 245
      B.  From  War-Fighting to War-Sustaining........................... 249
      C.  From  Customary Law to Treaty Law  ....................    ....... 254

II.PROBLEMS WITH THE WAR-SUSTAINING INTERPRETATION ......................... 259
      A.  Historical Objections to the Department ofDefense Interpretation of the
          Prohibition on Targeting Civilian Objects..   .............................. 259
      B.  Reversing the Default Rule: How the War-Sustaining Activities
          Interpretation Undermines Core Principles of IHL.........  ................ 262
          1.  Principle of Distinction     .................................. 262
          2.  Principle of Proportionality.    ..........................   ..... 263
          3.  Principle of Humanity       ................................... 264
          4.  Cumulative Effect of the War-Sustaining Interpretation: Reversing
              the Default Rule of Civilian-Object Immunity from Targeting.............. 265
          5.  Policy Consequences of the War-Sustaining Activities Interpretation... 266

IJI.IHL RULES UNDERMINED: ASYMMETRIES OF POWER & DE-CENTERED


* Emily Chertoff is a 2017 graduate of Yale Law School. Zachary Manfredi is a 2017 graduate of Yale Law School
and PhD Candidate in the Department of Rhetoric at UC Berkeley. He is a law clerk for the Honorable Justice
Goodwin Liu of the California Supreme Court. The authors would like to thank Professor Oona Hathaway for her
thoughtful comments on an earlier draft and generous mentorship.


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