4 Third Branch 1 (1972)

handle is hein.journals/thirdbran4 and id is 1 raw text is: The Third Branch
Dolley Madison House, 1520 H Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005
A Bulletin of the Federal Courts                                J
Vol. 4, No. I     Published by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts and the Federal Judicial Center  January 1972

Justices Powell, Rehnquist
Take Oaths
Lewis F. Powell, Jr., and William H. Rehnquist were sworn
in as Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the U. S. at a
special ceremonial session of the Court on Friday, January 7,
1972, as a crowd of more than 300 friends and invited guests
looked on. In the bar area were many former ABA Presidents
who had strongly endorsed Mr. Powell's nomination and who
understandably looked on with great pride. Equally strong in
representation and equally proud were many current and
former law clerks at the Supreme Court, to see Mr. Rehnquist,
the second clerk in the Court's history to ascend the highest
bench. Mr. Justice White was the first si this category. A
special guest was Mr. Justice John R. Kerr, a federal judge
from Austra, who observed that the ceremony was practi-
cally identical to the one followed in hs country and in
England. The reserved pews to the left of the bench were
occupied by family members of all the Justices.
As the ceremonies proceeded each new Justice was first
seated in an historic chair-the bench chair of Chief Justice
John Marshall-at the side of the Courtroom. Attorney
General John N. Mitchell first presented the Commission of
Mr. Powell and announced it bore the signatures of Richard M.
Nixon, President of the United States, his own as Attorney
Irontinued on nage 31

MrJustice Fowell (rnght) and Mr. Justice tennquist, YVt and suuth
appointees respectively to the Supreme Court, photographed after oath
ceremomes. In foreground is bust of Clef Justice John Jay, the first
Chief Justice, who took his oath m 1789. [Photograph courtesy,
George Tames, The New York Times.]
(Continued on page 3)

Speedy Trial
Conference Held
At F.J.C.
The second in a series of conferences aimed at dealing with
the problems of delay in large metropolitan district court
criminal proceedings was held at the Federal Judicial Center
on January 13 and 14, 1972. The conferees, who first met in
Denver in August, 1971, included the Chief Judges of the 18
largest district courts in the country, or their representatives.
While the Denver meeting concentrated on identifying the
significant periods of avoidable delay, the meeting this month
focused on possible solutions to eliminate these delays.
The Conference was divided into three parts: The first
session dealt with the preliminary results of the Center's
speedy trial project, isolating periods of delay to understand
further the mechanism of the criminal prosecution in our large
district courts
The second session explored in-depth methods for reducing
delay before a guilty plea, verdict, or sentence is rendered.
This stage in the criminal proceeding is not necessarily the
worst in terms of delay, but in this stage the court does have
extensive control and there has been considerable thought and
experimentation in this area. Field probation officers as well as
representatives from the probation office in Washington were
on hand to supplement the discussions.
The third session concentrated on the use of magistrates.
While the magistrate program is still in its infancy, there has
been significant success in the optimum use of magistrates in
the processing of criminal cases, and emphasis was placed on
what is being done and what can be done by magistrates with
respect to arraignment and the pre-trial motions.
The conferees attending were: Chief Judge Oliver J. Carter
and Judge Robert F. Peckham (N.D. Calif.), and Judge
Manuel L Real (C.D. Calif.), Chief Judge Edward Schwartz
(S.D. Calif.), Chief Judge John J. Sirica (Dist. of Col.), Judge
Gerald B. Tjofat (M.D. Fla.), Chief Judge Charles Fulton (S.D.
Fla.), Judge William J. Campbell (N.D. Ill.), Judge Frederick
J. R. Heebe (E.D. La.), Chief Judge Edward S. Northrop (Dist.
of Md.), Chief Judge Ralph M. Freeman (E.D Mich.), Judge
James A. Coolalan (Dist. of NJ.), Chief Judge David N.
Edelstein (S.D. N.Y.), Judge John Bartels (E.D. N.Y.), Chief
Judge Frank J. Battisti (N.D. Ohio), Judge Joseph S. Lord, Ill
and Judge Alfred L. Luongo (E.D. Pa.), Judge Joseph F. Weis,
Jr. (W.D. of Pa.), Judge Reynaldo G. Garza (S.D. Texas), and
Chief Judge Walter Hoffman (E.D. Va.).
LAW DAY - U.S.A. - MAY 1, 1972

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