37 Tex. Tech L. Rev. 357 (2004-2005)
And Then There Was One: The Outlook for a Self-Regulatory United States Amidst a Global Trend toward Comprehensive Data Protection

handle is hein.journals/text37 and id is 373 raw text is: ... AND THEN THERE WAS ONE: THE OUTLOOK
FOR A SELF-REGULATORY UNITED STATES
AMIDST A GLOBAL TREND TOWARD
COMPREHENSIVE DATA PROTECTION*
I.      INTRODUCTION  ....................................  358
II.     DATA PROTECTION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ...... 360
A.  The Internet  ..................................  360
B.  The Data Market  ..............................  362
C.  E-Commerce  ..................................  363
III.    BEGINNINGS OF INTERNATIONAL DATA PRIVACY CONCERNS 364
A. Basic Motivations for Data Privacy ............... 364
B. The Origins of the International Data Privacy
M ovement ....................................  364
IV.     BASIC MODELS FOR REGULATION OF DATA PROTECTION ... 366
A.  Comprehensive  ................................  366
B.  Sectoral  .....................................  367
C.  Self-Regulation  ................................  367
D. Use of Privacy Technologies ..................... 367
V.      THE EUROPEAN UNION'S ATTEMPTS AT DATA PROTECTION. 368
A. The Development of Data Protection in the EU:
The EU Data-Protection Directive ................ 368
B. EU Data-Protection Enforcement: The European
Data-Protection Supervisor ...................... 369
C.  Criticisms of the Directive  .......................  370
VI.     THE UNITED STATES' A'ITEMPTS AT DATA PROTECTION .... 372
A. Basics of U.S. Privacy Rights .................... 373
B. US. Privacy in the Digital Age ................... 373
C. U.S. Initiatives in Data Privacy ................... 374
1.  U.S. Attempts at Privacy Legislation ........... 375
a. Restrictions on Government Data Practices . 375
b. Regulation of Private Sector Data Practices. 377
2.  The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act ................ 378
D. US. Data-Protection Enforcement: The Federal
Trade Commission  .............................  381
VII.    THE U.S.-EU SAFE HARBOR AGREEMENT ............... 385
VIII.   ALIGNMENT OF THE GLOBAL MARKETPLACE ............ 388
A.  Non-Union Europe .............................  388
1.  Prospective EU Member States .............. 388
* Selected as the Outstanding Book Two Student Article by the Volume 35 Board of Editors, to
be published in Volume 37. The Outstanding Book Two Student Article Award, made possible by Orgain,
Bell & Tucker, L.L.P., was presented to the author, Ryan Moshell.

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