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25 Tex. Tech L. Rev. 1055 (1993-1994)
Adopting a Military Approach to Polygraph Evidence Admissibility: Why Federal Evidentiary Protections Will Suffice

handle is hein.journals/text25 and id is 1065 raw text is: ADOPTING A MILITARY APPROACH TO
POLYGRAPH EVIDENCE ADMISSIBILITY: WHY
FEDERAL EVIDENTIARY PROTECTIONS WILL
SUFFICE
by Ronald J. Simon*
I.  INTRODUCTION  ...............................  1056
II.  BACKGROUND OF THE POLYGRAPH ................... 1058
A.  Theory  ..................................  1058
B.  Format  .................................  1058
C.  Technique  ...............................  1059
1.  Control Question Test  ..................... 1059
2.  Guilty Knowledge Test ....................  1060
D .  Evaluation  ...............................  1061
1.  Clinical Approach  .......................  1061
2.  Numerical Approach  .....................  1061
III.  CHALLENGES TO POLYGRAPH VALIDITY ............... 1062
A.  Accuracy  ................................  1062
B. The Friendly Polygrapher Hypothesis .......... 1063
C.  Countermeasures  ..........................  1064
D. Examiner Competence  .......................  1065
IV.  EXAMINATION OF THE EXISTING APPROACHES TO
POLYGRAPH ADMISSIBILITY ........................ 1066
A.  Per Se Inadmissibility  .......................  1066
1. The Frye Administrative Convenience Rationale 1067
2. Difficulties Associated with a Frye Application ... 1067
3. The Frye Standard May No Longer Apply to
Scientific Evidence  ......................  1068
B.  Admissibility  by Stipulation  ...................  1069
C. Admissibility for Impeachment or Corroboration .... 1070
V.   PROPOSAL: ADOPTION OF THE MILITARY APPROACH
TO POLYGRAPH ADMISSIBILITY ....................... 1072
VI.  ALLEVIATING JUDICIAL CONCERNS - WHY FEDERAL
EVIDENTIARY PROTECTIONS WILL SUFFICE ............ 1073
A. Federal Rule of Evidence 402 - Relevancy ........ 1073
1.  M ateriality  ............................  1074
* Mr. Simon practices civil litigation with the firm of Ware, Snow, Fogel, Jackson & Greene,
P.C. in Houston, Texas. He received his Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from the University
of Texas in 1990 and his Juris Doctor from the University of Texas School of Law in 1993.

1055

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