23 Temp. L.Q. 167 (1949-1950)
Functioning under the 1947 Constitution of New Jersey

handle is hein.journals/temple23 and id is 189 raw text is: TEMPLE LAW QUARTERLY
VOLUME 23                JANUARY, 1950                     No. 3
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey
With the close of the first year of operation of the courts of New
Jersey under the Constitution of 1947, it is seasonable to assess the
effects of the transition and to narrate its advantages. While details
of practice and procedure are of interest mainly to New Jersey students
and lawyers, it is believed that an account of some of the more salient
features thus evolved may be of interest to others.
The impetus for procedural reform which culminated in the
present system had its origin in the difficulties encountered under the
former judicial framework. Possibly a proper appreciation of the
welcomed permutation wrought by the new Constitution can best be
effectuated through the medium of a brief resume of the former con-
stitutional system of courts. It had remained substantially unchanged
for more than a century, during which time efforts toward constitu-
tional revision were unsuccessful until 1947.
Under the Constitution of 1844, the judicial power was vested
in a Court of Errors and Appeals, a Court for the trial of Impeach-
ments; a Court of Chancery; a Prerogative Court; a Supreme Court;
Circuit Courts, and such inferior Courts as now exist; and as may
be hereafter ordained and established by law; which Inferior Courts
the Legislature may alter or abolish, as the public good shall require. I
The Court of Errors and Appeals was the Court of last resort.
It was unique in that it was composed of the nine justices of the former
Supreme Court, the Chancellor and six judges specially appointed, mak-
ing a total of sixteen judges. We are told that the purpose of the six
specially appointed judges was to have lay representation in order that
the strictness of the legalistic mind might be tempered.2 While the
so-called lay judges were usually, in later years, lawyers, in some
1. N. J. CONST., Art. VI, § 1,   1 (1844).


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