11 Teises Apzvalga L. Rev. 5 (2014)

handle is hein.journals/teiapvglr11 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                                                      ISSN 2029-4239 (online)
                            VY IV R)DID7OJOTeis~s apivalga
                                                                   Law review
                UN IVERSITETNo. 1 (11), 2014, p. 5-24










     THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: PAST, PRESENT

                             AND FUTURE
                               David Ramiro Troitifio1
                           Tallinn University of Technology
                             Submitted on April 10, 2013
                     DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7220/2029-4239.11.1


                                 SUMMARY

     The article covers the foundation, historical development, current situation and future
of the European Parliament. The scientific analysis is based on a multidisciplinary
approach with emphasis on the political role of the institution as it is starting to play a
central role in the European integration. The future of the EU parliament is a key question
for the future of the Union and is addressed by different proposals developed in this article.


                                KEYWORDS

              European Parliament, subsidiarity, co-decision, future reforms.


                             INTRODUCTION

     The European Parliament started with the creation of the European Coal and Steel
Community. The first European Community had similar institutions to the current
institutions of the European Union: a High Authority, similar to the European Commission,
but more powerful; a Council, where the member states were represented, but it was less
important than the current European Council; a Court of Justice; and a Common Assembly,
the modern European Parliament. The members of the Assembly were chosen by the
national parliaments, and normally according to the internal composition of the national
parliaments. So, if a national parliament was composed 40 % of socialists and 60 %
conservatives, the same percentage was sent to the Common Assembly. This system also
worked for the Common Assembly of the European Economic Community, but with some
exceptions. For example, the Italians did not send Communists to the Common Assembly,
and hence were not respecting the composition of their national parliament.


1David Ramiro Troitifio, an associate professor, the Department of International Relations, Tallinn
School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Tecnology. Research
interest: European Union political issues. E-mail perdices57@yahoo.es. CV and publications:
<https://www.etis.ee/portaal/isikuCV.aspx?TextBoxName=david%20ramiro%20troitino&PersonVID
=60601 &lang=en&FromUrlO=isikud.aspx>.

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