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8 Technium Soc. Sci. J. 350 (2020)
Behavioural Changes in Institutionalised Older People: A Gender Perspective

handle is hein.journals/techssj8 and id is 354 raw text is: 

                                                            Technium  Social Sciences Journal
                                                                   Vol. 8, 350-357, June 2020
                                                                             ISSN: 2668-7798

Behavioural changes in institutionalised older people: a
gender perspective

               Pinazo-Clap~s, Carolina
               Universidad Internacional de Valencia, Spain - university

               Pinazo-Hernandis,  sacramento
               Universidad de Valencia, Spain - university

               Sales-Galin, Alicia
               Universidad de Valencia, Spain - university

               Abstract. There is a need to redefine and improve the treatment and care given in residences for
               the elderly from a non-pharmacological perspective that fosters person-centred care. In
               particular, the psychological and behavioural symptoms associated with dementia require a
               multidisciplinary evaluation to design appropriate interventions. The objective is to evaluate
               behavioural disorders in a group of residing elderly people and analyse whether the gender of
               the participants influences the presence of these behaviours. In the methodology, the group is
               consisted of 450 people, 73.6% women and 26.4% men with an average age of 86.82 (WD=8.22).
               The results show that women have a greater risk of presenting behavioural disorders. Men tend
               to present higher levels of anxiety, lack of inhibition, sleeping disorders, and loss of appetite;
               while women present more affective symptoms such as anxiety, euphoria, or apathy, or more
               psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations, and more aberrant motor behaviours.
               This influence is only significant for delusions and aberrant motor behaviour. The discussion
               and conclusions of the study show that gender influences behavioural disorders. This type of
               research work is very scarce because may be of great interest to develop and improve preventive
               strategies and non-pharmacological use of these symptoms in residence for the elderly settings.

               Keywords. Behavioral disorders; dementia; gender; residency; psychopharmaceuticals

1. Introduction
Recent  socio-economic   events in the  aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic have led to a
growing  interest in improving the intervention, treatment and care of older people (Bonanad,
2020). One  of the major problems  affecting this sector of the population are neurodegenerative
diseases, specifically dementias, which have  already become  one  of the main causes  that can
affect the autonomy  of the elderly (Barragin, Garcia, Parra and Tejeiro, 2019).
   The  neurodegenerative  process associated with a set of cognitive, physical and behavioural
symptoms   caused by brain dysfunction has  a great impact worldwide, as it was indicated in the
World  Alzheimer's  Report published in 2018. This report shows  that approximately 50 million


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