About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

36 Technium Soc. Sci. J. 552 (2022)
Happiness and Morality in Christian Moral Ethics and in Philosophical Ethics

handle is hein.journals/techssj36 and id is 552 raw text is: Technium Social Sciences Journal
Vol. 36, 552-561, October, 2022
ISSN: 2668-7798
SOCIAL SCIENCE5 JOURNAL                                www.techniumscience.com
Happiness and morality in Christian moral ethics and in
philosophical ethics
Nicolae Brinzea
Theology Faculty, Ovidius University - Constanta, Romania
nicolacbranzea(cvahoo .com
Abstract. Happiness is the ontological state of human nature by which it is defined as a being
endowed with reason, will and feeling. Anthropological analysis, whether it is carried out from
a theological perspective or from a philosophical perspective, places man in a continuous ascent
towards happiness. Thus, the question can be asked: which of the two ethical systems can define
the human person as the possessor of morality and happiness, and what are their limits?
Keywords. moral ethics, philosophical ethics, happiness, Kant, Aristotle
Happiness has been defined as the most intense state of contentment that man can
experience. Whether we do an anthropological analysis from a theological perspective or from
a philosophical perspective, we deduce the fact that man is expressed by both sciences as
dedicated to happiness. The analysis of philosophical works in which man is highlighted as an
exponent of happiness denotes valences of ethics in which the reflective study of what is good
or bad shows that part of human conduct for which man is, more or less, personally
responsible1 .
Starting from the fact that modern and contemporary ethical-philosophical theories are
mainly interested in the problem of practical reason and duty2, however, one cannot ignore the
human tendency towards a form of happiness, which is not limited within the boundaries of
rationality. The fundamental difference between the norms of philosophical ethics and those of
Christian moral ethics is that philosophy defined a form of human happiness limited to the
intellect, unlike Christian morality which positions man beyond what the intellect can define.
By relating man to God, the happiness for which he was created exceeds the possibility of its
philosophical expression.
I. Christian moral ethics and Kantian philosophical ethics
Both Christian philosophy and morality define the person as the recipient of happiness.
However, there are major differences in the perception of both man and what we define as
i Vernon J. Bourke, Histoire de la Morale, traduit de l'anglais par J. Mignon, Ies Editions du Cerf, Paris, 1970, p. 8
2 Vernon J. Bourke, Histoire de la Morale..., p. 9.


What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing thousands of academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.

Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline.

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most