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23 Technium Soc. Sci. J. 67 (2021)
Nutrition in Mental and Physical Health

handle is hein.journals/techssj23 and id is 67 raw text is: Technium Social Sciences Journal
Vol. 23, 67-77, September, 2021
ISSN: 2668-7798
SOCIAL SCIENCES JOURNAL                                 www.techniumscience.com
Nutrition in mental and physical health
Aggeliki Zavitsanou, Athanasios Drigas
N.C.S.R. Demokritos
a_zavitsanou@hotmail.com, dr@iit.demokritos.gr
Abstract. Eating habits are crucial for human health. People around the world have health
problems due to their diet. Malnutrition combined with a lack of essential nutrients and obesity
with overconsumption of sugar is significant problems. For the most part, the human daily diet
should include foods rich in vitamins, fatty acids, minerals, and trace elements. On the other
hand, the consumption of substances such as sugar and trans fats causes negative effects on the
human body. Fish, vegetables, and nuts are some of the food that contributes to good health.
Also, specific foods help the hormones of happiness to increase in our body. This has the effect
of reducing stress and increasing happiness. New technologies are a tool that can help individuals
to maintain proper nutrition and good health. For example, through the ICTs applications,
everyone can individually control his weight, physical exercise, and find the right combinations
to have a better and more quality life without diseases.
Keywords. nutrition, minerals, vitamins, sugar, ICTs applications, hormones, stress
1. Introduction.
Malnutrition and poor diets rank as risks factors for disability. In rich countries
consumption of unhealthy food is regarded as a major risk factor for diseases. Therefore the
lack of essential nutrients remains a risk factor of children mortality in poor countries. At the
same time, other countries are characterized by obesity. So, poor diets are common and complex
(Headey and Alderman, 2019).
The scientific activity of the last decades has contributed significantly to understanding
the correlation of nutrition with health. Health and nutrition are emphasized as critical
components of basic needs in developing countries. Nutrition is the determinant factor of health
and productivity. The studies on health and nutrition in developing countries have provided
some insights but they also raise important questions (Behrman, 1988).
There are many types of diets that have been assessed and contributed many benefits.
Diets that are based on the blood group system claim that promote to improve health and
decrease the risk of diseases (Cusack. et al. 2013). In addition to special diets, diets based on
nutrients, minerals, and others are considered very effective and healthy. For example, dietary
sources of vitamin K has multiple roles such as anti-inflammation, a ligand for the steroid, and
a xenobiotic receptor (Fu et al. 2017).


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