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21 Technium Soc. Sci. J. 795 (2021)
Acceptance, Nutritional Content, and Shelf Life of Cookies Based on Millet Flour as a Functional Food

handle is hein.journals/techssj21 and id is 795 raw text is: Technium Social Sciences Journal
Vol. 21, 795-808, July, 2021
ISSN: 2668-7798
SOCIAL SCIENCES JOURNAL                                 www.techniumscience.com
Acceptance, nutritional content, and shelf life of cookies based
on millet flour as a functional food
Putri Dwi Kasih Anggraini', Abdul Salam', Wahiduddin2
'Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
2Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University,
Abstract. The purpose of this study was to determine the acceptability, nutritional content, and
shelf life of cookies based on millet flour as a functional food. This type of research is a
laboratory-based descriptive. Formulation cookies flour of millet is distinguished by the addition
of flavorings nature of which includes millet flour cookies without additional flavorings (Fl),
banana flavor millet flour cookies (F2), spice flavor millet flour cookies (F3) and chocolate flavor
millet flour cookies (F4). Data collection procedure was carried out by hedonic test on untrained
panelists consisting of men and women aged 18-40 years as many as 25 panelists, then the
selected formulations were analyzed for nutritional content and shelf life. Data were analyzed
using the Kruskal-Wallis analysis method and continued with the Mann-Whitney test if the
treatment had a significant effect. The panelists' acceptance showed that the formulation of millet
flour cookies had no significant effect (p>0.05) on the color, taste, aroma, texture and overall
cookies. The F1 cookies formula without the addition of flavoring has the highest average value
of the other formulas, which is 4.16 with the preferred category. The results of the proximate test
on the selected cookies include water content 6.1%, ash 2.14%, protein 8.38%, fat 30.38%,
carbohydrates 53.0%, fiber 2.22%, and total energy 518.98 kcal. The shelf life of cookies using
the Arrhenius approach is 14 days at a temperature of 250C, 370C, and a temperature of 440C
with the results respectively 134.81 days (4.5 months), 79.18 days (2.6 months) and 59.14 days
(1.9 months). While the results of the total microbial test showed that there was a decrease in
total microbes in millet flour cookies stored in an incubator at 250C, 370C, and 440C for 4 weeks
of storage, respectively 2.05 x 102, 1.05 x 102, and < 4 0.0 x 101, still meets the standard of SNI
01-2973:2011 with a maximum of 1 x 104 colonies/gram. Based on the results of the study, millet
flour cookies can be enriched with food sources of protein and fiber so that it can increase the
nutritional value of cookies as an additional food.
Keywords: Millet, Functional Food, Acceptability, Nutritional Content of Shelf Life
Millet is a cereal plant that can grow on marginal land, namely dry climatic conditions,
infertile soils and limited irrigation while other cereal crops are less successful (Nurmala, 2003).
Millet plants can grow optimally with potential yields that can reach 3-4 tons/ha (Faesal, 2013)
both tropical and sub-tropical areas such as Indonesia, India, China, Asia, North Africa, and
America (Ramlah et al., 2020). In Indonesia this plant can be found in the Buru area in Jember,
Papua, East Nusa Tenggara, South Sulawesi such as Enrekang, Sidrap, Maros, West Sulawesi


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