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19 Technium Soc. Sci. J. 364 (2021)
Parental Morality and the Morality of Generation Z Adolescents: A Mixed Methods Research

handle is hein.journals/techssj19 and id is 364 raw text is: Technium Social Sciences Journal
Vol. 19, 364-381, May, 2021
IALSENCESM          J                                           ISSN: 2668-7798
Parental Morality and the Morality of Generation Z
Adolescents: A Mixed Methods Research
Sharon Rose Medezl, Lisa Anna Marte-Gayoles2
Colegio de Sta. Ana de Victorias, Philippines, 2University of San Agustin, Philipines
s medez@yahoo.com, lagayoles@usa.edu.ph2
Abstract. Parents' behavior, attitudes and beliefs greatly impact their children's development.
Parents play a crucial role in the moral development of their children. This study aims to explore,
describe, and interpret the lived experiences of parents and their Gen Z adolescent children
regarding morality. This study also aims to determine the relationship between parental morality
and the morality of their Gen Z adolescent children. It utilized the mixed methods research
design, specifically the phenomenological research design and the correlational research design.
Fifty-two high school students of a private school and their parents participated in the study.
Students are between ages 13 and 16 years. This study utilized the Moral Authority Scale (MAS-
R) to measure parental and adolescent morality. Common themes for the lived experiences of the
parents and their Gen Z adolescent children are: parents are dispensers of values, obedience to
parents, listening to a friend's opinion, showing concern for others, treat everybody equally, and
the law over self-interest. The results of the study revealed that the morality of both parents and
the morality of their adolescent children was predominantly the Principle Morality, specifically
the Equality Source. There is no significant relationship between parental morality and the
morality of their adolescents, although the father's morality appears to have more influence on
their adolescent children's morality. The findings suggest implications in family strengthening
programs utilizing parent education and parent training.
Keywords. parental morality, adolescent morality, Generation Z, mixed methods research,
1. Introduction
Morality refers to the way people choose to live their lives according to a set of
guidelines or principles that govern their decisions on what is right versus what is wrong
(Morelli, 2016). Morals are the systems of social rules that shape how people relate to others
and guide their behavior. Moreover, the family is the first significant context for the
socialization of morality.
Moral development is defined as any changes in observed judgments, behaviors, and
emotions regarding standards of right and wrong that occur across the lifespan (White et al.,
2013). It concerns the development of moral action, moral character, and moral behavior
(Rashid, 2014). According to Rachael Henry's (1983) five sources of morality, an individual
behaves morally because the source of moral authority requires it, and what the source requires
is right. Henry (1983) identified five sources of moral authority which are the Family,


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