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3 Supremo Amicus 282 (2018)
Impact of Bio-Colonization: A Disownment of Traditional Heritage

handle is hein.journals/supami3 and id is 294 raw text is: SUPREMO AMICUS

VOLUME 3 1 JAN I 2018

ISSN: 2456-9704

IMPACT OF BIO-COLONIZATION: A
DISOWNMENT OF TRADITIONAL
HERITAGE
ByJ.R.Archana
From The Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law
University, Taramani, Chennai
- An affirmative action threatening to
throw the innate beings into disarray and
failed to showcase the truth of the warring
duos (Nature v. Technology)
ABSTRACT:
Property is classified into two - jura in re
aliena and jura in re propria. Under jura in
re propria comes tangible and intangible
property. Intangible  property  includes
intellectual  property  namely  patents,
copyright, trademarks etc. This paper is
based on the concept of impact of patent on
genetically modified plants and seed and its
impact on Indian traditional knowledge. To
that point, Genetic Engineering (GE) which
is not a traditional breeding is a curse in
disguise. Here, the subject matter revolves
around the concept of Bio-colonization, one
of the   notorious impacts of genetic
engineering. It refers to the engineering,
patenting and dispersal of new plants and
seeds transnationally through the use of
biotechnology. Biological pollution from
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)
poses more imperilment for living beings
that   reproduce  uncontrollably.  The
important causatum to be noted is: firstly,
the impact of genetic modification of foods
and the quantum of patent protection being
acknowledged   to   GMO     companies.
Secondly, whether the patent rights have

been utilized rightly against farmers without
affecting traditional knowledge and the
effect of patent on reproduction of crops
which in turn divest the society. Thirdly,
how    genetic  techniques  affect  the
environment, conspicuously the land and the
changes in farm practice that accompanied
the adoption of Genetically Engineered
crops. Fourthly, the evidence as to its impact
at the individual farm level, landscape level
and biological diversity and whether it is a
mutagen to human lives. Finally, the myth
related  to   foods    produced   using
biotechnology and how India fits in the
picture of Genetically Modified crops.
KEY WORDS:
Bio-colonization, Biotechnology, Copyright,
Genetically modified organisms, Genetic
Engineering,  Mutagen,    Patent,   and
Trademark.
INTRODUCTION
As   no  other  technology  in  history,
biotechnology aggrandizes humanity's reach
over the forces of nature. Over the past fifty
years, Indian agriculture has transformed
from a sustenance system to a surplus
system. Bioengineers maneuver life forms in
the same way as the engineers of the
industrial revolution were able to separate,
collect, utilize  and  exploit inanimate
materials.  As    previous   generations
manipulated plastics and metals into the
machines and products of the industrial age,
we are now     manipulating  and  indeed
converting living materials into the new
commodities   of  the  global  age   of
biotechnology. Genetic engineering of food
is the science which involves deliberate
alteration of the genetic material of plants or

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