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26 Supremo Amicus [186] (2021)
Evolution of Law of Criminal Conspiracy in India

handle is hein.journals/supami26 and id is 186 raw text is: SUPREMO AMICUS




ISSN 2456-9704

By Kritika Thakur and Nishchay Dutt
From Himachal Pradesh National Law
University, Shimla
This paper explores the meaning of criminal
conspiracy, historical development of law of
conspiracy, cases related to it, definition, and
punishment of criminal conspiracy, scope
and limitation of conspiracy, objective and
conclusion. An agreement between two or
more than two people to commit an illegal
act, or an act that is not illegal but is done by
illegal  means, constitutes  a  criminal
conspiracy. There must be an agreement
between two people in order to have an
adequate plan of action to create, participate
in the agreement, contribute funds if
necessary and give your consent to the
commission of a criminal offense. Before
1913 Criminal conspiracy was considered as
a civil wrong but in 1913, new chapter V- A
was added that deals with the criminal
conspiracy. This paper deals with many case
laws like, Mulcahy v. R1, R Venkatakrishna,
State of Tamil Nadu v. Nalini, Rajiv Gandhi
murder cases and also some recent case. And
also, what is the punishment of the criminal
conspiracy, if any person found guilty in the
conspiracy then he liable for three different
kind of punishment rate in first type
punishable with the death, imprisonment for
life or rigorous imprisonment for term of two
year or more than two years. Conspiracy is an
inchoate  or  preparatory,  crime. The
distinction between Abetment and Criminal


is     also     elaborated.

The nature of my study is a doctrinal research
study. What the researcher is trying to do here
is to articulate the conclusion of research and
the merits of his study by applying the type
of teaching research methodology for which
the researcher has used the various books,
articles, and various legal websites on the
Internet. This is the general and main aspect
of the teaching research methodology and the
primary method for that research. It is a non-
experimental study where the researcher does
not need any experiments and no archived
work. This article was written with no
archived work and experiment and without
The researcher has covered the scope of this
research to provision of Section 120 (a) and
120 (b) and judgment, cases, and punishment
of criminal conspiracy. And also what was
the conspiracy provision before 1913 and
after that, and the process of various causes
related to the criminal conspiracy, difference
between Indian Law and English Law
regarding     Criminal      Conspiracy.
I.  The aim of the study is to delve into
the  criminal conspiracy  and  to
examine the disposition related to the
criminal conspiracy.
II.  To analyze the judgment given by
various court on matter of the
criminal conspiracy
III.  To analyze the provision related to
criminal conspiracy.


1 (1868) LR3 HL 306.

PIF 6.242

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