23 St. Thomas L. Rev. 620 (2010-2011)
Fear Itself: The Impact of Allegations of Gang Affiliation on Pre-Trial Detention

handle is hein.journals/stlr23 and id is 630 raw text is: FEAR ITSELF:
THE IMPACT OF ALLEGATIONS OF GANG
AFFILIATION ON PRE-TRIAL DETENTION
K. BABE HOWELL'
I.    Introduction...................     .................. 621
II.   The Impact of Gang Affiliation on Pre-trial Bail Determinations ...... 626
A. The Impact of Alleged Gang Affiliation for a Particular
Defendant: Daniel's Story................         ........ 627
B. Survey Evidence of The Impact of Allegations of Gang
Affiliation on Bail Determinations.............   ..... 631
1. Frequency of Allegations of Gang Affiliation. ................... 632
2. Types of Cases in Which Gang Allegations Were Made.... 633
3. Impact of Allegation of Gang Affiliation...... ...... 633
4. Impact on Outcomes     ......................... 634
5. Race............          .................   ...... 636
6. Accuracy of Allegations of Gang Affiliation ..... ..... 636
7. Evidentiary Review of Allegations of Gang Affiliation...... 638
III.  The Importance of Bail Determinations .................... 639
A. The Presumption of Innocence and the Right to Non-
Excessive Bail.     ................................ 639
B. The Impact of Non-Release on Case Outcomes.....    ..... 641
IV.   Gang Membership         .................................. 643
A. Defining the Gang......................... 644
B. Identifying the Gang Member    ..................... 647
C. Compiling and Maintaining Gang Databases .....     ...... 649
V.    Proposals           ................................... ..... 654
VI.   Conclusion           ................................. ..... 659

620

1. Associate Professor, CUNY School of Law.   Thanks to Douglas Cox, Matthew
Chapman, Tigran Eldred, Jenny Roberts, Naree Sinthusek, Nicole Smith, Yasmin Sokkar-Harker,
Spearlt, and Steve Zeidman. Thanks also to my research assistants Jhounelle Cunningham, Holly
Hobart and Ebette Fortune.

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