6 Stan. J. C.R. & C.L. 219 (2010)
Choosing Diversity: School Choice and Racial Integration in the Age of Obama

handle is hein.journals/stjcrcl6 and id is 223 raw text is: ARTICLE
CHOOSING DIVERSITY: SCHOOL CHOICE
AND RACIAL INTEGRATION IN THE AGE OF
OBAMA
Erica Frankenberg & Genevieve Siegel-Hawleyt
INTRODUCTION................................................. 220
I. SCHOOL CHOICE AND THE HISTORICAL ROLE OF THE FEDERAL
GOVERNMENT                          ............................................ 221
A. School Choice as a Means to Avoid Racial Diversity............... 223
B. Choice Used to Further Racial Diversity....         ........... 224
1. Magnet Schools........                       ......... 224
2. Managed Choice and Inter-district Programs ....    ...... 226
C. Choice Without Regard for Racial Diversity .......      ...... 227
D. Differing Choices        ..........................   ..... 229
II. THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION AND SCHOOL CHOICE......................... 230
A. Managed Choice in the Aftermath of Parents Involved............ 231
1. Parents Involved Decision    .................     ..... 231
2. Bush Administration Response to Parents Involved........... 233
3. Obama Administration and Controlled Choice................... 233
4. Contemporary Use of Choice: Districts' Voluntary
Integration Efforts ......................             235
B. Using Choice Across District Boundary Lines to Pursue
Integration................................... 237
C. Magnet Schools .........................               ........ 239
tErica Frankenberg (Ed.D., Harvard University; A.B., Dartmouth College) is an assistant
professor in the Department of Education Policy Studies in the College of Education at the
Pennsylvania State University. Her research interests focus on racial desegregation and
inequality in K-12 schools, and the connections between school segregation policies and
other metropolitan policies. She was formerly a senior research associate at the Civil Rights
Project at UCLA. Genevieve Siegel-Hawley is a doctoral student in Urban Schooling at the
University of California, Los Angeles' Graduate School of Education and Information
Studies. She received her M.Ed. in Education Policy and Management from Harvard
University, where she was a research assistant at the Civil Rights Project.

219

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