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57 Stan. L. Rev. 1745 (2004-2005)
Dissenting by Deciding

handle is hein.journals/stflr57 and id is 1759 raw text is: ARTICLE
DISSENTING BY DECIDING
Heather K. Gerken*
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................... 1746
I. THE  FORM  D ISSENT  TAKES .............................................................................. 1752
A . The Identity  of  the  D issenter ...................................................................... 1752
B. What Makes Dissenting by Deciding Different? ........................................ 1754
II. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FORM AND FUNCTION: DISSENTING BY
DECIDING AND THE GOALS OF DISSENT .............................................................. 1759
A. The Role of Dissent in Improving Democratic Decisionmaking:
Visibility and the Marketplace of Ideas .......................................................... 1759
1. Making dissent visible: arguments versus decisions .............................. 1760
2. Comparing institutional alternatives: Sunstein and the dynamics of
democratic decisionmaking ........................................................................ 1769
B. Dissent and the Value of Self-Governance: Speaking Truth to Power or
with It.............................................................................................................. 1774
1. Forging civic ties.................................................................................... 1775
2. Comparing institutional alternatives: federalism ................................... 1782
C. Identity and Expression: The Relationship Between Collective Dissent
and Public Action ........................................................................................... 1791
1. The politics of recognition: isolation and enclaves ................................ 1794
* Assistant Professor of Law, Harvard Law School. For helpful comments and
conversations, I would like to thank Bruce Ackerman, Bill Buzbee, Sharon Dolovich, Dick
Fallon, Jack Goldsmith, Ryan Goodman, Lani Guinier, Janet Halley, Don Herzog, Michael
Kang, Daryl Levinson, Dan Lowenstein, Dan Meltzer, Martha Minow, Thomas Nagel,
Robert Post, Fred Schauer, David Schleicher, David Simon, Dennis Thompson, Robert Tsai,
Kenji Yoshino, and Ernie Young. I am especially indebted to Bill Stuntz for his help in
thinking through and framing this project. Thanks also to the participants at the
Constitutionalism and Legislatures Symposium at the University of Alberta's Centre for
Constitutional Studies, the Emory Law School Faculty Workshop, the Harvard Law School
Winter Term Workshop, the UCLA Legal Theory Workshop, the Yale Legal Theory
Workshop, Michael Kang's Politics and Democratic Governance class at Emory Law
School, the Harvard Constitutional Law Workshop, and the Second-Order Diversity
seminar at Harvard Law School. Annette Demers, Chris Egleson, Sarah Gerry, Rebecca
Ingber, Zach Robert, Monica Sekhon, and Michael Thakur provided excellent research
assistance. Special thanks go to Kate Ferguson, Anton Metlitsky, Matthew Price, and Dan
Weiner, who provided an extraordinary amount of help in researching and working through
many parts of this Article.

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