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56 Stan. L. Rev. 1435 (2003-2004)
Inequiatable Injunctions: The Scandal of Private Judging in the U.S. Courts

handle is hein.journals/stflr56 and id is 1449 raw text is: INEQUITABLE INJUNCTIONS: THE
SCANDAL OF PRIVATE JUDGING IN THE
U.S. COURTS
Penelope Pether*
INTRODUCTION.................................................. 1436
I. ORIGINS AND CURRENT STATE OF THE PRIVATE JUDGING PRACTICES ............ 1442
A. Unpublication............................................................................................ 1442
1. Origins.................................................................................................... 1442
2. The current state of unpublication.......................................................... 1465
B. Stipulated Withdrawal ............................................................................... 1474
C. Depublication ............................................................................................ 1479
II. THE CASE AGAINST PRIVATE JUDGING .......................................................... 1483
A. Rule of Law Problems with Private Judging ............................................. 1483
B. Inequality Effects of Private Judging on Marginalized Groups ................ 1504
C. Responses  to  Counterarguments ................................................................ 1515
III. CURRENT PROSPECTS FOR REFORM .............................................................. 1528
CONCLUSION....................................................................................................... 1535
* B.A., LL.B., Ph.D., University of Sydney; Professor of Law, American University
Washington College of Law. I wish to thank Dean Claudio Grossman for the research
support that enabled the writing of this Article; Library Director Billie Jo Kaufman, Senior
Reference Librarian Susan Lewis-Somers and Foreign and International Law Librarian Bill
Ryan; American University Washington College of Law students Rebecca Kennedy (J.D.
2003) (especially for her work on compiling the first draft of the Appendix), Heather Collier,
and Jarrett Perlow (J.D. 2004), and Grant Mogan and Andrew Stawar (J.D. 2005) for
research assistance; former colleagues Desmond Manderson, Canada Research Chair in Law
and Discourse Co-ordinates at McGill University School of Law, who suggested the phrase
inequitable injunctions for the title, and Dr. Joseph Pugliese of the Department of Critical
and Cultural Studies, Macquarie University, Australia, for his reading of the scandal; my
colleagues Muneer Ahmad, Jonathan Baker, Susan Bennett, Pamela Bridgewater, Amy
Dillard, Ian Gallacher, Christine Haight Farley, Mark Niles, Peter Jaszi, Teemu Ruskola,
Brenda Smith, Janet Spragens, Robert Vaughn, and Leti Volpp, for helpful suggestions about
various aspects of this Article; Professor Arthur Jacobson and Dr. Helen Stacy for
encouragement at critical stages in the project; Professor Judith Resnik for thoughtful
comments on an advanced draft; and, as always, David Caudill. This Article is dedicated to
Bill Priestley, one of Her Majesty's Counsel for the Australian state of New South Wales
and formerly a Justice of the New South Wales Court of Appeal, and George Masterman,
also one of Her Majesty's Counsel for New South Wales, formerly New South Wales
Ombudsman, for everything they taught me about ethical judging and about transparency
and due process, respectively.

1435

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