60 S. Tex. L. Rev. 277 (2019)
Choosing Choice: Empowering Indigent Criminal Defendants to Select Their Own Counsel

handle is hein.journals/stexlr60 and id is 299 raw text is: 








      CHOOSING CHOICE: EMPOWERING INDIGENT
      CRIMINAL DEFENDANTS TO SELECT THEIR

                            COUNSEL


                         CATHERINE   BURNETT

   I. INTRODUCTION            ............................................ 279
   II. CONSTITUTIONAL  CONSIDERATIONS            .......................... 282
      A.  Right to Counsel for the Non-Indigent-Pay to Play ............. 283
      B.  Right to Counsel for the Indigent-Who Pays the Piper ........ 285
      C.  Right to Competent Counsel-Insufficient to Answer the
          Client Choice Question   ...........................   286
      D.  Right to Choose Counsel-Nonstarter for the Indigent.......... 287
  III. CURRENT DELIVERY  METHODS          ....................... ........ 291
      A.  Public Defenders.    ........................     ........ 292
      B.  Contract Counsel      ..........................  ..... 295
      C.  Assigned Counsel      ........................    ....... 296
          1. Ad Hoc  Model............................... 296
          2. Managed  Assigned Model    .................   ...... 297
  IV. CLIENT CHOICE  MODELS         .................................... 298
      A.  Pure Voucher Models     .....................   ........ 299
      B.  Mixed Assigned Counsel        .......................... 300
  V.  CONSEQUENCES   OF CLIENT CHOICE MODELS   .......    ........... 302
      A.  System-Based No Choice  Options           .................. 302
          1. No  Constitutional Basis...............         ............ 302
          2. Logistical Nightmare............................ 302
          3. Decorum  and the Orderly Administration ofJustice ........ 303
          4. Judicial Oversight/Veto Power ..  ....................... 303
          5. Socialization of the Defense Bar .......... ................. 303
          6.  Unfairness Among Attorneys .....................   304
      B.  Defendant-Based No Choice Arguments  .......    ........ 304
          1. Defendants are Apt to Make Poor Selection Decisions .... 304
          2. Indigent Clients Can Insist on Frivolous Tactics with
             Impunity ..    ...................................  305


    t Associate Dean of Clinical Studies, Professor of Law, South Texas College of Law Houston.
I wish to thank the clients to whose cases I have been appointed for sharing their frank and
sometimes uncomfortable perceptions of the criminal justice system and my role in it. I also wish
to thank the editors of the South Texas Law Review for devoting the annual ethics symposium to
emerging trends and best practices in the delivery of criminal justice.


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