36 Stetson L. Rev. [i] (2006-2007)

handle is hein.journals/stet36 and id is 1 raw text is: STETSON LAW REVIEW

VOLUME 36                          FALL 2006                         NUMBER 1
Kristen David Adams      1
Some Costs of Homelessness                                       Sam Davis    35
In this chapter excerpt from his book Designing for the Homeless:
Architecture That Works, architect Sam Davis begins by examining
some of the economic and noneconomic costs of homelessness in
America's cities. The Author notes that the largest share of economic
costs are borne by local governments, and these costs include both direct
expenditures for housing, social services, and public works, and the
indirect loss of funds due to declining tourism and sales at downtown
businesses. Noneconomic costs of homelessness, which affect both the
community and the homeless individual, may be social or personal in
nature. Mr. Davis then turns to a critical analysis of various strategies
that have been used to reduce construction costs in public housing, such
as the use of manufactured housing, prefabricated or lower-quality
components, repetitive design of housing units, and small versus large
units and buildings. Finally, the Author asserts that in actuality there
is no such thing as affordable housing, and he then focuses on ways to
build subsidized housing as efficiently as possible. The theme
throughout the chapter is that thoughtful architecture is a necessary
component of housing the homeless: if the facilities are not designed to
meet the needs of the residents, or are so aesthetically displeasing that
they will be rejected by the community, the funds will have been
Urban Planning and the American Family                    James A. Kushner    67
This Article, building on the Author's live symposium speech, addresses
the need for a new approach to zoning and other housing policies in
America. The Author argues that current policies are poorly designed to
foster community and provide stability for families. After discussing
such problems as inadequate public transportation, traffic congestion,
suburban sprawl, the increasing plight of the homeless, and the
unavailability of truly affordable housing, the Author argues that these
problems are compounded by federal and state tax laws as well as
government policies denying needed capital to inner cities and
America's poor. The Author advocates a radical rethinking of
community design, a new approach which would focus on the
development of higher-density    neighborhoods supported    by  an
expanded public transportation system, as well as infrastructure
investment and planning to encourage walking and public transport.

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