19 Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. 472 (2008)
Governing Confusion: How Statutes, Fiscal Policy, and Regulations Impede Clean Energy Technologies

handle is hein.journals/stanlp19 and id is 478 raw text is: GOVERNING CONFUSION: How
STATUTES, FISCAL POLICY, AND
REGULATIONS IMPEDE CLEAN ENERGY
TECHNOLOGIES
Marilyn A. Brown & Sharon (Jess) Chandler*
INTRODUCTION
The United States shares with many other countries the goal of the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to achieve... stabiliza-
tion of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would
prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system., The
critical role of new technologies in achieving this goal is underscored by the
fact that most anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted over the next
century will come from equipment and infrastructure that has not yet been
built. As a result, new technologies and fuels have the potential to transform the
nation's energy system while meeting climate change as well as energy security
and other goals.
Many believe that advancing clean energy technologies2 could allow both
* Marilyn A. Brown, Ph.D., is a Professor in the School of Public Policy, Georgia In-
stitute of Technology, and a Visiting Distinguished Scientist at Oak Ridge National Labora-
tory. Sharon (Jess) Chandler is a Ph.D. candidate in the School of Public Policy, Georgia
Institute of Technology
1. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change art. 2, May 9, 1992, S.
TREATY Doc. No. 102-38, 1771 U.N.T.S. 107, available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/
convkp/conveng.pdf.
2. For the purposes of this article, we use the term clean energy technologies to refer
to technologies that reduce GHG emissions. These include energy-efficient equipment and
practices that reduce emissions from transportation, buildings, industry, and infrastructure;
low-carbon energy supply technologies such as low-emissions fossil-based fuels and power,
hydrogen, renewable energy and fuels, and nuclear fission; technologies for capturing and
sequestering carbon dioxide geologically or terrestrially; and technologies that reduce emis-
sions of non-CO2 GHGs including methane, nitrous oxide, and other high global warming
potential gases. These technology sectors and CCTP goals are described in greater detail in
the U.S. CLIMATE CHANGE TECH. PROGRAM, U.S. DEP'T OF ENERGY, DOE/PI-0005,
STRATEGIC  PLAN  (2006), available  at http://www.climatetechnology.gov/stratplan/

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