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8 Stan. J. Int'l Stud. 138 (1973)
The Political Meaning of Stockholm: Third World Participation in the Environment Conference Process

handle is hein.journals/stanit8 and id is 148 raw text is: The Political Meaning of Stockholm:
Third World Participation in the
Environment Conference Process*
TIM E. J. CAMPBELLt
I. INTRODUCTION
A FTER NEARLY FOUR YEARS OF HOPEFUL EXPECTATION and two years of
diligent preparation, the Stockholm Conference on the Human En-
vironment is now a thing of the past. While the Conference subject ma-
terial was laden with ecological and scientific jargon, the dynamics and
significance of the Stockholm Conference emerged from issues of power
politics and international economics.
Development assistance and the Declaration on the Human Environ-
ment seemed the two most salient issues; however, they were by no means
the exclusive foci of the Conference. Political sovereignty in terms of in-
tegrity of territorial exploitation of domestic natural resources under na-
tionally determined environmental standards and the controversial ques-
tion of population control were also at issue. Underlying the issues of
development and assistance to Third World countries, political sover-
eignty, territorial integrity, and population control was the more funda-
mental problem of growth. Indeed, nearly all the topics at Stockholm
were intimately related to the question of growth itself.
Environmental topics are unique in reminding nations that efforts
toward development, however noble in view of human misery and
poverty, are concerned largely with material objectives and tend to ig-
nore the long term question of what lies beyond development. It is this
aspect of environmental issues which gives significance to the Stockholm
Conference. The human environment-and therefore environmental
problems-represent a common denominator of human affairs to which
The views expressed herein are entirely those of the author and are not to be attrib-
uted to the World Bank or any employee thereof.
t A.B., Political Science, 1966, Master of City Planning (MCP), 1970, University of Cali-
fornia (Berkeley). Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massa-
chusetts Institute of Technology. Technical Specialist, Division of Urban Development, De-
partment of Social Affairs, Organization of American States, 1970-71; Consultant to the En-
vironmental Adviser, Office of the Vice President, International Bank for Reconstruction
and Development (World Bank), 1972; Representative of the World Bank at the Fourth
Preparatory Meeting and at the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, 1972.

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