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50 Stan. J. Int'l L. 119 (2014)
Beyond the New Digital Divide: Analyzing the Evolving Role of National Governments in Internet Governance and Enhancing Cybersecurity

handle is hein.journals/stanit50 and id is 127 raw text is: BEYOND THE NEW DIGITAL
DIVIDE: ANALYZING THE
EVOLVING ROLE OF NATIONAL
GOVERNMENTS IN INTERNET
GOVERNANCE AND ENHANCING
CYBERSECURITY
SCOTT J. SHACKELFORD* & AMANDA N. CRAIG*
A heated debate is underway about the appropriate role of nation-states
in Internet governance and enhancing global cybersecurity, as was illustrated
most recently during the 2012 World Conference on International Telecom-
munications (WCIT-12). Meanwhile, national governments are increasingly
seeking to secure their critical infrastructure through regulation that may
have global impacts. In an effort to compare and contrast these policies so as
to begin to identify best practices that could give rise to norms and eventually
be codified in international law, this Article analyzes proposed and imple-
mented critical infrastructure regulations in China, the European Union, In-
dia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Ultimately, the Article
demonstrates that there exists a continuum of governmental interest in and
approaches to regulating cyberspace, blurring the digital divide that was
exposed at WCIT-12 and noting the value offinding common ground between
stakeholders. Only then will the international community be able to reach
agreement on the future ofInternet governance and promote cyber peace.
119

50 Stan. J. Int'l L. 119 (2014)

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